Whether exotic or plain, of long or short fur, of frisky or lazy temperament, there are a few cat breeds that are most commonly found in households. Adoption and rescue are always recommended, and in most cases, your adopted kitty will not be purebred. If you do opt for a pedigreed cat, it’s recommended that you look for a breed that matches your own personality and temperament. Here are some common cat breeds.
Otherwise known as “that cat” (or your standard alley cat) domestics are not an officially recognized or pedigreed breed. Then again, most modern cat breeds are descendents of one type of domestic or another, and 95% of house cats in the US are Domestics. Domestics come in all colors and sizes, and may have long or short of hair.
Despite the need for daily brushing, Persians are a household favorite. Persian cats are known to be calm and somewhat sensitive. As such, gentle environments are recommended for Persians.
Large and playful, but gentle and intelligent, Maine Coons are great with both children and dogs. Popular on farms, Maine Coons tend to follow their people around both inside and outdoors.
Popular among those who desire a pedigreed pet, the Siamese is as vocal as they are playful. Known to be frisky and full of energy, Siamese cats are a popular household choice.
Descended from European forebears, as are many of their human counterparts, the American Shorthair is a very low-maintenance cat. Personalities can vary from cat to cat, but overall American Shorthairs are quiet cats.
Known for their colorful personalities, Abyssinians are famously playful. Contrary to all our notions about cats, many Abyssinians love to play in water.
The Exotic Shorthair resembles the Persian in just about every way. Except one -- their hair is shorter and denser. Thus, their coat requires far less maintenance. Exotic Shorthair cats do require brushing at least weekly, or better twice weekly, which is still far less than the Persian’s recommended every-day brushing.
So named because they tend to go limp when you pick them up, Ragdolls are the quintessential lap-cat. Ragdoll cats tend to grow quite large. They can weigh upwards of 20 lbs, and sometimes males weigh more.
Regarded as one of the most intelligent cats out there, Burmese cats are also known to be fairly dog-like, with a propensity to greet their people at the door the way a devoted puppy might. Also like dogs, Burmese cats crave human attention, and should not be left alone for long periods of time.
Like Persians, Himalayan cats have long silky fur which requires daily human intervention to prevent matting. Himalayan cats may have short smushed-in faces (like the Pug dog breed), or they may have a slightly longer and more traditional-looking face. Himalayans are descended from Siamese, and so are outgoing, active, and sociable companions.
More on Cat Breeds
Where Cat Breeds Come From - Infographic
The History of Cats
Wild Cat Breeds for Adventurous Cat Parents