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Benazepril hydrochloride is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor that helps reduce the effects of congestive heart failure or hypertension by dampening the release of angiotensin, a chemical produced by the heart that causes the muscles to constrict. By blocking the angiotensin, benazepril hydrochloride allows blood vessels to dilate, making it easier for blood to flow through the heart.
Benazepril hydrochloride should be used cautiously in patients with hyponatremia, coronary or cerebrovascular insufficiency, pre existing hematologic disease, or systemic lupus erythematosus. Pregnant patients should only take benazepril if the benefits outweigh the risks to the fetus. Patients suffering from a severe congestive heart failure should be closely monitored upon starting a benazepril treatment.
Taking with diuretics or other vasodilators can cause hypotension. NSAIDs might reduce the antihypertensive effects. Hyperkalemia might be a result of taking benazepril and potassium sparing diuretics at the same time.
For Dogs -- 0.25 - 0.5 mg/kg orally, 1-2 times a day For Cats -- 0.25 - 0.5 mg/kg orally once a day
Benazepril Hydrochloride can cause vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, hyperkalemia, hypotension, and renal dysfunction. Rare cases can result in immune mediated reactions like rashes, neutropenia, and agranulocytosis.
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