Dog Skin Tags : Causes and Treatment What should you do about skin tags in your pet?

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Skin tags often set off panic in dog owners. What exactly are these growths and how can you remove them? Read on to understand the best way to address skin tags in dogs.

You have just discovered a lump of fleshy skin on your pet's paw โ€“ its bendy and an eye sore. Panic sets in, because a skin tumor can be bad news.

Relax, that fleshy growth is a skin tag, a mass of fibrous tissue and it is most probably a benign growth. Skin tags are common in dogs, even puppies. No breed is

immune. However, older dogs and larger breeds appear predisposed to contracting skin tags.

Identifying skin tags

How do you know what you've seen is actually a skin tag? Skin tags on dogs look like skin; they are quite easily distinguishable from warts and big ticks. They are

attached to the skin by a stalk, may comprise of one or multiple growths or have hair follicles.

Dogs may have a solitary skin tag or a number of them on their face, torso, legs, back, armpits and other areas. Also known as hamartomas, skin tags are mainly of two types:

- Hairless lumps of flesh on lower limbs (fibroadnexal hamartomas)

- Multiple growths that appear flattened and have hair growing out of them (follicular hamartomas)

Causes of skin tags in dogs

Overactive fibroblasts, cells that promote the production of fibers and collagen required by your pet's connective tissues, can cause an overproduction of fibrous tissue, giving rise to masses on or near the skin.

Certain factors may produce a conducive environment for skin problems in dogs, which can co-exist with skin tags as a secondary growth or infection:

  • Exposure to chemical pollution in the environment

  • An ill-fitting collar

  • Parasites inhabiting your pet

  • Poor skin care

  • Insufficient nutrition

Too much bathing, which can strip your dog's skin of natural oils, is one of the culprits for dryness and chafing. An organic shampoo that has a mild effect yet gets the

job done is a safer bet than products that can make your dog's skin unnecessarily dry. A healthy diet is also essential to keep your pet's immune system functioning

optimally, minimizing the risk of cracks, rashes and skin disorders.

Now to the big question โ€“ how do you address the issue of skin tags in your pet?

Dog skin tag treatment

The first thing you want to do is have your vet take a look at the skin tags. Your vet may either ask you to monitor the tags for growth or recommend a biopsy. A biopsy

will reveal if the growth is benign or malignant, and enable you to plan next steps without delay.

If the skin tags are growing quickly or have turned dark, or if your pet seems to have lost his/her appetite, gets tired easily or frequently vomits or has loose bowels, get a medical opinion at the earliest.

1. Surgical removal

Skin tags on dogs can get smaller over time. If they persist, you can have them surgically removed. Some pet owners may choose to opt out, especially if the skin tags

have been deemed harmless. Vets may recommend surgery if the tags are causing a secondary infection or if your pet can't stop chewing on them. Torn tags can bleed

and give rise to infection โ€“ in particular, tags near the tail are prone to bruising. When the tags appear close to your pet's eye or mouth, interfering with activities of daily

living, it is best to have them removed.

The surgical procedure is often a quick one, performed with local anesthesia and sedation. Total anesthesia may be used for fidgety pets.

Though there are anesthesia protocols for all dogs, some breeds require extra caution. To minimize risk, your vet may recommend an outpatient procedure called

cryosurgery that uses nitrous oxide or liquid nitrogen to freeze out and destroy unwanted tissue, which then dissolves or falls out within a few weeks. Your pet may feel

a slight pain during the freezing process, but it goes away as quickly as it comes, and recovery is entirely painless. Depending upon the severity of the skin tags, the

procedure may be repeated within 2-3 weeks if the first treatment is not adequate.

After skin tags have been removed, make sure that your pet does not scratch or chew at the area. One option is to use an Elizabethan collar. In any case, monitor for

changes, if any. Skin tags may appear on other areas and when determined to be harmless, you can let them be. They may shrink on their own, and if they're not causing

your pet any problem, medical intervention is not necessary.

Note: Avoid a do-it-yourself (DIY) dog skin tag removal at home. Even though the procedure may seem simple enough, there is always a risk that you may

inadvertently injure your pet or cause him/her a lot of pain during the procedure. In a worst case scenario, a flawed procedure can lead to infection and create more

problems.

2. Holistic prevention

If your dog is maturing or is genetically predisposed to skin tags, there isn't much you can do to prevent the onset of these fleshy masses. A few small harmless ones that

your pet isn't bothered by shouldn't bother you either! However, you should keep a tab on your pet's skin condition and invest in the right skin care products. Some

holistic measures that are in the best interests of your furry buddy include:

  • Ensuring that you don't use expired products

  • Avoiding harsh bathing and/or grooming products

  • Minimizing chemical exposure in your surroundings โ€“ pesticides, insecticides, lawn chemicals and sprays.

  • If bites from fleas, ticks and other parasites are frequent and getting problematic, address them quickly or prevent unnecessary skin problems.

  • Feeding your pet with nutritious food, ideally something that keeps his/her immune system in good shape and promotes healthy digestion.

Once you spot skin tags on your pet, get a quick diagnosis to take informed action. It will alleviate stress and help you return your pet to good health.

How to keep your dogโ€™s skin healthy

You probably take great care of your skin and use a myriad of products. Well, it should be no different for your pupper. In fact, there are a variety of skin disorders that affect dogs and skin conditions can be painful, not to mention very expensive to treat.

Keeping your dog's skin healthy is a year-round endeavor and requires a consistent skin-care routine. After all, that soft clean coat you run your fingers is going to need some love to stay that way year round.

Here are a few tips for keeping your dogโ€™s skin healthy:

  1. Donโ€™t give your dog a bath too often

Just like humans, dogs have natural protective oils in their skin. If you wash your dog too often this is stripped away and results in itchy and dry skin.   In such cases, your dog can end up scratching themselves more often and creating open wounds which can then get infected.

Additionally, drier damaged skin means your dog will start to compensate with more natural oils which can heighten the too familiar dog odor.

Not pleasant for you!


Bathing too often is a problem and if you absolutely need to keep your dog clean, try alternatives such as dry shampoo or puppy wet wipes in between bathing sessions.

  1. Use the right bathing products

Supplementing the above is making sure when you do give your dog a bath, youโ€™re using the right bathing products.

If your dog has dry skin, shampoo and soap that has ingredients such as shea butter or other moisturizing ingredients are recommended.

You can also use conditioning spray when you brush your dog to keep his/her fur healthy and skin clean.

The skin pH balance for dogs is different from that of humans so never use human products on your pupper.

 

  1. Monitor your dog's diet

Keeping an eye on your dog's diet can also greatly influence their skin health. For example, dog foods that are grain heavy and high in carbs can contribute towards drying out your dog's skin.

Raw diets have been known to be much more suitable and healthy for dogs. They are usually high in moisture and provide the essential nutrients and minerals to keep skin healthy and soft. You can also buy vet-approved supplements, such as Bixbi Skin & Coat to add to your pet's diet.

  1. Supplements are your dogโ€™s best friend (after you!)

Along with a healthy diet, supplements is the next trick up your sleeve and have been proven to keep skin healthy, moist, and reduce causes for itching and fur loss. Some great supplements to stock up on are Omega 3 Fatty Acids, Vitamin E, and Salmon Oil.

All of these help support a healthy skin and coat, reduce flakiness, helps keep skin inflammation down and minimizes chances of an allergic reaction occurring.

You can also mix certain oils with your existing dogโ€™s diet or feed them to your dog directly such as coconut oil, flaxseed oil, and hemp oil. All of which help promote healthy and moisturized skin.

  1. A brush a day keeps the diseases away

Whether your dog has short or long coats, brushing is essential. If your dog has a short coat, they may not need it every day but with frequent brushing you can remove any loose fur, debris and massage your dogโ€™s skin promoting natural oil secretions. If your dog is double coated, brushing regularly can also prevent matting which leads to hot spots and skin irritations.

  1. Puppers need sun protection too

Too much time out in the sun is also not great for your dogโ€™s skin. The paler your dog is means they are also less protected naturally by the UV rays of the sun and could get sunburned.

As with humans, limiting exposure to the sun paired with a pet safe sunblock is necessary, and if your dog is short-haired, a reflective jacket to help protect and keep your dog cool is a good choice.

Keeping an eye on if your dog is getting sunburned is key in any case when out in the sun regardless of preparation. If you see signs of sunburn itโ€™s best to consult a vet immediately.

 

  1. Frequent check-ups

Finally, the best way to keep a pulse on your dogโ€™s health is frequent check-ups with your nearby vet. Your vet can also recommend specific dietary changes and skin regime adjustments to ensure your dogโ€™s health remains great.

By following these steps you can set your pupper on the path to great skin health, and prevent any future skin disorders. As always, if you have any concerns about your dogโ€™s skin health, please consult a vet immediately.

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