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Food habits constitute a major part of your dog's well-being. A well-balanced diet helps in growth and promotes the health of your dog. Part of a well-balanced diet includes making sure your dog gets the proper amount of vitamins and minerals necessary for bone and teeth health as well as for cell maintenance and repair. While most nutrients can be obtained from food itself, you may need to supplement your dog with some essential nutrients especially if you give your dog home cooked meals.These supplements are important to keep your dog safe from any diseases. This being said, over supplementation can have a negative impact on your dog's health and it's always best to consult a vet before you put your dog on supplements. Make sure to do a thorough research before purchasing the supplements. Know what you are looking for and try to stick to a renowned brand. Also, take a note of how much of a vitamin or mineral is actually present in food and how much more it needs to be supplemented for. Most commercial pet foods already contain the required vitamins and minerals and you may not need to give your dog any extra supplements unless he/she is ill.Here are some of the vitamins and minerals that are essential for the health of your dog. If you find that your dog's diet lacks in any of these, make sure to supplement it.
- Fatty acids such as Omega-3 Omega-3 fatty acids prevent allergies and boost the immune system. It also maintains the health of your dog's fur coat. It is better to supplement your dog with Omega-3 fatty acids since they are hard to find in natural diets.
- Vitamin A and Vitamin E They boost the immune system and keeps skin and eyes healthy. It is essential for promoting bone and teeth health, speeding up healing and slows aging due to the presence of anti-oxidants. They are abundant in foods and unless your dog is ill, you may not need to look for any extra supplementation.
- Probiotics Probiotics are important for the health of stomach and intestines and the digestive system in general. Curd is an excellent source of probiotics and you need not look for further supplements. If at all there is a need to supplement, make sure that probiotics are taken with meals.
- Joint supplements Dogs belonging to larger breeds may require supplements such as Glucosamine and Chondroitin to prevent and heal joint problems, repair old cartilage, build new cartilage and heal skin wounds. It is especially important for aging dogs suffering from poor spinal health and arthritis.
The dosage of supplements will vary according to your dog's weight.