Ulcerative Keratitis in Dogs: A Detailed Guide What is Ulcerative Keratitis in Dogs and How Can It Be Treated?

Ulcerative Keratitis in Dogs: A Detailed Guide https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2019/03/22/08/15/dog-4072653_1280.jpg

Dogs with ulcerative keratitis experience inflammation and corneal damage in their eyes. Learn more about this eye disease in this article.

Ulcerative Keratitis is a condition that affects the eyes of dogs, causing inflammation and damage to the cornea. It is vital for dog owners to be aware of the symptoms and indications of this uncomfortable and sometimes dangerous ailment because, if left untreated, it can cause loss of vision.

We will dig into the origins, signs, diagnosis, and available treatments for Ulcerative Keratitis in dogs in this article, giving you the knowledge you need to maintain the health and safety of your pet's eyes.


There are several potential causes of keratosis of the eye, including:

  • Infections caused by bacteria such as pseudomonas, streptococcus, and staphylococcus

  • Viral diseases, including the herpes virus and the canine distemper virus

  • Yeast infections like Aspergillus and Candida

  • Ulcerative keratitis can develop as a result of trauma to the eye, such as scratches, wounds, or foreign objects

  • Dogs that have immune system conditions like autoimmune illness are more likely to develop ulcerative keratitis

  • Dry and dusty environments can cause eye irritation and increase the risk of pigmentary keratitis


The symptoms of pigmentary keratitis in dogs can vary depending on the severity and underlying cause of the condition. Several typical warning indicators are listed below:

  • Redness or inflammation of the eye

  • Cloudiness or opacity of the cornea

  • Excessive tearing or discharge from the eye

  • Squinting

  • Light sensitivity

  • Eye discomfort or agony

  • Pupil changes in size or shape 

  • Eye or surrounding tissue swelling 

  • Changes in the shape or size of the pupil

  • Pawing or rubbing the eye

  • Vision loss or diminished visual acuity.


A thorough examination of the eye by a veterinarian is necessary for the clinical diagnosis of ulcerative keratitis in dogs. The following list of typical diagnostic procedures and tests:

  • Physical examination: The veterinarian will check the eye for any symptoms of ulceration, inflammation, or redness.

  • Fluorescein stain test: A dye is rubbed into the eye to check for corneal ulcers or scratches.

  • Schirmer tear test: A procedure to gauge tear production and identify any irregularities.

  • Tonometry: Test to measure the pressure inside the eye, which can help detect glaucoma or other conditions.

  • Culture and sensitivity testing: To pinpoint the infection's root cause and choose the best course of action, a swab or sample of the ocular discharge may be taken and sent to a lab.

  • Blood tests: Blood tests may be advised to check for autoimmune illness, allergies, or other diseases if an underlying medical issue is suspected.

In some circumstances, advanced imaging such as ultrasound or MRI may be needed to evaluate the eye and surrounding structures further.

Treatment for Keratitis

The treatment and management options for interstitial keratitis depend on the gravity of the condition and its underlying cause. Here are some known approaches:

  • Medications: Topical or oral antibiotics, antifungals, or antivirals may be prescribed to treat the underlying infection and reduce inflammation.

  • Pain management: Pain medications or anti-inflammatory drugs may be used to manage pain and discomfort associated with the condition.

  • Eye drops or ointments: Medicated drops or ointments may be prescribed to help heal the corneal ulcer and protect the eye.

  • Surgery: To remove damaged tissue or heal the cornea in serious situations, surgery may be required.

  • Supporting measures: Your dog's eyes should be kept clean, a calm and peaceful environment should be provided, and additional eye damage should be avoided, according to your veterinarian.

  • Follow-up exams: To track the effectiveness of the treatment and make sure the problem doesn't return, routine follow-up checks with your veterinarian may be required.

In conclusion, canine ulcerative keratitis is a dangerous illness that needs immediate medical attention. Most dogs can totally recover and regain their vision with prompt treatment and assistance. Frequent eye checkups and preventative steps can help lower the risk of this ailment and maintain the health and happiness of your furry friend's eyes.

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