Pomeranian’s ancestors were originally much larger than today’s dogs, about 20 to 30 pounds, and were used for herding livestock and, according to the American Pomeranian Club, were also sometimes used as sled dogs. Queen Victoria is credited with increasing the breed’s popularity and contributing to shrinking them to their current ideal size of four to six pounds. Despite their tiny size, these heavy-coated dogs retain the energy of their working ancestors, and understanding this can help you when it comes time to feed your little dynamo.
When feeding Pomeranians dry dog food, always make sure that the food consists of very small pieces that the dog can easily chew and swallow, since larger pieces could pose a choking hazard for small dogs, especially those that tend to gulp their food. As with all dogs, Pomeranians should be fed only high-quality food, with plenty of protein and a minimum of filler. Pomeranians, who tend to be high-energy, are likely to lose weight quickly if they eat a poor-quality diet that may give them digestive problems and inhibit absorption. Leave the food out all day, this is called free feeding, to help your Pomeranian avoid becoming hypoglycemic, a blood sugar problem that many toy dogs are susceptible to if not fed often enough. Don't practice free feeding if your dog tends to overeat.
Canned food can be used as a part of a Pomeranian’s diet, and will make dry food more palatable, as well as adding important nutrients and calories. Choose the brand carefully, selecting a food that has plenty of protein and no filler, so that even Pom puppies, whose stomachs hold very little, can benefit from it. To make dry food more palatable and to add variety, mix in a small amount of canned food for best results. The amount can be adjusted to the size and age of the dog, as well as the Pomeranian’s personal activity level.
Supplement the Pomeranian’s diet with high protein foods, adding some at each regular feeding. Finely chopped boiled liver or chicken is an excellent way to add protein and vitamins to a meal. Cottage cheese is another food you can feed in limited amounts. It is rich in vitamins, and is a good source of calcium as well. For young puppies add only about a tablespoonful of each supplement, but for older dogs you can add more, depending on how big and how active your dog is.
Pomeranians have very small stomachs, and it is important that they not be fed spicy or salty foods that may cause digestive upset or fill them up with empty calories. Such practices can prevent these little dogs from having enough room to consume the nutrition that they need. The ASPCA also cautions that there are some foods you should never feed any dog. The list of these foods includes chocolate, grapes, raisins, avocados and macadamia nuts. All of these, plus many more, are toxic, and toy dogs such as Pomeranians are susceptible to even very small amounts of these deadly foods. Instead, offer your dogs healthful treats such as boiled liver and chicken, in moderate amounts. High-quality commercial dog treats flavored with peanut butter or other highly-palatable flavoring and made from only a few ingredients and no fillers are also suitable to be offered as treats.
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