Diseases Of The Orbit Of The Eye How to identify and treat diseases of the orbit of the eye?

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Several eye conditions can cause changes in how your dog sees the world around them. If your dog has vision problems or is having trouble seeing, it's essential to see a vet right away so they can determine if treatment is needed.

You should be able to see your dog's eyes to check on them. But what if they aren't looking at you? This could be a symptom of an underlying problem that may require treatment by a veterinarian. Below we will discuss some common issues and how you can help diagnose these conditions: 

It's Important To Know How Your Dog Sees

You can test your dog's vision using objects of different sizes, shapes, and colors. You can use their favorite ZippyPaws toys to test their decision. In dim light or darkness, hold the object in front of your dog's face and see how they respond. If they cannot see their toys, it may indicate that they have a problem with their sight, and as a result, they will be vulnerable to other issues, such as seizures and accidents. Therefore it is essential to include pet meds like Gabapentin for dogs to avoid seizures and relieve pain.

Change In Your Dog's Sight Or Behavior

If you notice any change in your dog's sight or behavior, it may be a problem for them. Some signs of an eye problem include:

? Excessive tearing or mucus in their eyes

? Inability to blink or close their eyes

? Swelling or redness around the eye area

The vet can perform a series of tests and determine the cause of their discomfort. Once they've decided what's wrong, they'll be able to help you and your dog feel better again. 

Artificial Indoor Lighting

If you use artificial lights indoors, you can watch your dog more closely. You may notice that the pupils are not black but grayish-blue or white. Using a flashlight to illuminate the eye can help determine if your dog's eye is abnormal.

The shape of the pupil should be round and symmetrical and should not change when light shines on it. If you notice any changes in the behavior or appearance of your dog’s eyes, talk with your vet and discuss the course of treatment and pet meds immediately. The vet may also prescribe pet medications like Clomicalm or Fluoxetine for dogs to treat the behavioral irritation caused by the condition.

The Ocular Motility Test

The ocular motility test is used to detect the movement of the eyeball. The vet will place your dog on a table, stabilize its head, and gently move the eye using his fingers. If there is no response or it feels like there's any pain in your dog, this could indicate something wrong with his orbit of the eye.

The Threat Of Exophthalmos

Exophthalmos is a condition where the eyeball protrudes from the eye socket. The eyeball is often swollen and bulging, and you may be able to see it from across a room. The eyelids are retracted, so your dog's eyes look red, irritated, and sensitive to light. It is known as proptosis when it is severe.

You can use dog eye drops prescribed by the vet to ease the irritation. Mostly they are generally available over the counter at a pet pharmacy.

Enophthalmos can be caused by trauma or tumors, but it's more often triggered by infections that affect the orbital muscles or soft tissues of the face. An infection or inflammation can also cause this condition in the sinuses or other parts of your dog's head, but it sometimes occurs for no apparent reason. 


Strabismus is a misalignment of an eye or eyes in which one cannot focus on objects close to each other. It can be caused by several different factors, including genetics, injury, disease, and even developmental issues.

Strabismus can cause vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision (diplopia), sensitivity to light, and headaches. Along with other pet meds, it is also essential to prescribe pet medications like Metacam to relieve pain. 


The orbit of the eye is a very delicate region and, therefore, susceptible to many diseases. Some of these are preventable, but others are not. Like orbital inflammation (IOI), Strabismus, Exophthalmos, and Orbital cellulitis, which was the most common diagnosis in dogs at 44.4%. Treatment also varies depending on the type of disease. So if you notice that your dog is having difficulty seeing, take them to the vet for treatment.

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