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Causes of UTI in Dogs and Cats

By June 07, 2012 | See Comments

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    PetCareRx Staff Veterinarian

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Causes of UTI in Dogs and Cats

Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria that can be brought on by a number of various health conditions. Learn more here.

In both dogs and cats, urinary tract infections are most commonly caused by bacteria that gathers around your pet’s urethral opening and moves into the urinary tract and bladder when your pet’s natural defenses are down. Escherichia coli, or E. coli, is the bacteria most often responsible for causing urinary tract infections. There are many strains of E. coli and most are harmless. However, when a virulent strain enters your pet’s urinary tract, it can result in a painful infection. Other bacterias as well as some fungi and algae can also cause UTIs, though these cases are less common.

There are a number of health conditions and lifestyle factors that can contribute to the development of a UTI. Pets with certain health risks should be closely monitored so that an infection can be detected and treated as soon as possible. Your pet’s diet, water intake, and urination habits can also impact urinary tract health, so make sure that your pet is eating veterinarian-approved foods, drinking plenty of water, and urinating regularly to expel bacteria from the urinary tract.

At-Risk Conditions

Some health conditions make it easier for bacteria to build up in the urinary tracts of both dogs and cats. These conditions include bladder cancer, bladder tumor, kidney stones, bladder stones, debris caught in the urinary tract, injury, spinal cord abnormalities, incontinence from excessive drinking or weak bladder, stress, congenital (or inborn) abnormalities, diabetes, or other urinary tract dysfunction. In dogs, prostate disease may also contribute to frequent UTIs. If your pet suffers from one of these conditions, your veterinarian may make recommendations for long-term treatments - such as antibiotics - to improve your pet’s related urinary tract health.

Hydrate and Expel

You can help keep bacteria at bay by providing your pet with easy and regular access to clean drinking water while allowing for routine urination. The more often your pet is able to urinate, the less likely that bacteria will be able to remain in the urinary tract. Let your dog out regularly and provide an accessible litter box for cats. Your pet should never have to “hold it” for too long.

UTIs and Diet

Some research suggests that your pet’s diet can have an effect on urinary tract health. Because of this you should take care to select appropriate foods. Your veterinarian may suggest food with a high moisture content that will increase your pet’s water intake, thus encouraging more frequent urination to flush out the bladder. You may also be advised to avoid foods with too many preservatives, colorants, or additives that can deplete your pet’s immune system. Foods should always be properly stored to reduce the risk of bacteria formation or spread.

This information is for informational purposes only and is not meant as a substitute for the professional advice of, or diagnosis or treatment by, your veterinarian with respect to your pet. It has, however, been verified by a licensed veterinarian for accuracy.

2016-02-24T08:32:20

Hi my dog has incontinance... It's just her .. She's a mastiff ... Born with it :( She was born that way .. Take her to the vet ASAP ... check first for a uti (those can cause more issues later if not treated) then if it's not a UTI ....she's probably incontinant... my girl does the same thing she used to wake up in a pool awww ... she's 100lbs too and sleeps on the bed ... she would look So embarrassed.. It turned out she has incontinance.. She's on proin . It works great I set my alarm on my cell for her meds ... so I don't miss a does or she will leak again .. .. Not one leak since she's been on it .. We tried hormone therapy too.... sometimes when they're spayed to early it can cause incontinance.. hormone therapy didn't work on her ...and Proin is great .. It's a prescription and you can get it way less expensive than at your vet ...and here ..look around Google The meds even antibiotics if they give them to her instead of paying 80.00 for antibiotics they can fax a slept to any online pharmacy you choose :) California pet pharmacy (not per meds) is low cost and Health warehouse has people meds and pet meds .. They're the two least expensive for prescription meds Ive found.. I get the proin for 75% less than the vet it's 180 pills for 40$ lasts her almost 4
Months 40mg 2x a day she's large 120 lbs ... no more accidents .. She's. 3 now has had it all her life .. It's very important to make sure it's not a UTI first and ask your vet if he or she will fax a prescription to the online pharmacy :) good luck get the meds name and Google the dose and name and you can Compare prices :)!


2014-12-20T22:01:43

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2014-02-14T06:25:27

It certainly could be an infection. Sounds like it would be worth a call to your vet. If you need to find a vet, you can use our Vet Finder (http://lppe.petcarerx.com/vetf....


2014-02-14T01:04:32

i have a 3 year old american bulldog cross american staffy and have just notice't she went to the toilet while she was laying down she is not lazy and is in great shape at 42kg, she is very fit. doz anyone kno why she has done this i was thinking she has an infection but not sure

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  • Kimba

    2/14/2014 1:04:32 AM

    i have a 3 year old american bulldog cross american staffy and have just notice't she went to the toilet while she was laying down she is not lazy and is in great shape at 42kg, she is very fit. doz anyone kno why she has done this i was thinking she has an infection but not sure

    • PetCareAmy

      2/14/2014 6:25:27 AM

      It certainly could be an infection. Sounds like it would be worth a call to your vet. If you need to find a vet, you can use our Vet Finder (http://lppe.petcarerx.com/vetf....

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