Signs of UTI in cats and how to treat it

BY | March 20 | COMMENTS PUBLISHED BY

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Cats, like us, also feel anxiety and fear. Your cat can be stressed for a number of reasons. A good example is that you have recently moved house or there is a new addition to the family, like a new pet. Whatever be the reason, you now have a stressed cat. Initial detection of this problem is your cat peeing and dropping feces outside the litter box. It could even have trouble during urination. The latter happens only when something is seriously wrong. It could be a behavioral problem, but the most common reason in such a case is the feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD). The urinary tract problems in cats cause the bladder from emptying correctly. The urethra could also be fatally blocked.

FLUTD symptoms

The FLUTD is not only a single problem but a cluster of clinical symptoms which may have multiple causes. The list includes stones or crystals found inside the bladder and bladder infections. Other causes include urethral obstruction and urinary bladder inflammation. Other urinary tract abnormalities could also lead to FLUTD. The latter is the most common reason as to why cats are taken to the veterinarian.

The FLUTD brings with it many warning signs. The most visible is the cat straining itself to urinate. This may lead to dire situations like the formation of urethral plug or bladder stones. It is observed that male cats are at an increased risk when it comes to developing a urethral plug. This condition is a life-threatening one. The cat may lose its urinating ability. Another symptom is that your cat frequently tries to urinate, but only a small amount of urine comes out. The process itself is a painful one, and your cat will cry out while doing so. The FLUTD's other symptoms are the presence of blood in urine. Your kitty will frequently lick its abdominal or genital areas. Cats do this to decrease the pain. The feline will be irritable and will urinate outside its litter box. It will do so on cool surfaces like tiles or the bathtub.

Treatment

If you observe any of the above symptoms, take your kitty to the veterinarian as fast as possible. The medical professional will conduct a physical examination and also collect urine samples. The diagnosis process also includes blood work, abdominal ultrasound, and x-rays. A majority of FLUTD affected cats recover sans any medical treatment, but the symptoms could recur. Although the condition is not mortal to your cat, it is an uncomfortable one. Treatment should be done to better your cat's quality of life. You should make sure that your cat drinks more water.

Five Facts about Feline and Canine UTI

Urinary Tract Infections are a common and incredibly painful health issue that affects both dogs and cats. Most often caused by bacteria that enters the urinary tract when your petโ€™s natural defenses are down, UTIs can result in serious health complications and even death if left untreated. In most cases UTIs are completely treatable, and you can take steps to reduce the chance of your pet suffering this unpleasant ordeal in the future. Here are five facts to consider when looking to treat and prevent UTIs:

1. Health Helps

Every pet deserves a healthy, active lifestyle. Good nutrition, exercise, and proper grooming can all contribute to better overall health. In the case of UTIs, these factors can have a direct impact on your petโ€™s likeliness to become infected. Evaluating your petโ€™s diet, providing plenty of clean water, encouraging exercise, and keeping your pet groomed will not only give you a happier, healthier pet, it may also reduce the chance of infection that can be caused by unhealthy or contaminated food, infrequent urination, or the forming and spreading of bacteria under unhygienic circumstances.

2. A Common Bacteria

Escherichia coli, or E. coli, is the bacteria most often responsible for causing urinary tract infections. E. coli lives in the digestive tracts of both humans and animals, and most strains are harmless. However when your petโ€™s immune system and natural defenses are down for one reason or another, virulent strains of E. Coli can enter the urinary tract through the urethra and aggregate in the bladder. While other types of bacteria, fungi, and algae can also cause UTIs, E. coli is the worst offender.

3. Take Care

Pets canโ€™t help themselves when they develop an infection, so itโ€™s up to the owner to monitor their petโ€™s behavior and take action when something seems off and the pet begins to show symptoms of a UTI. Extra attention should be paid to pets with health conditions that may increase the chance of getting a UTI, such as bladder cancer, bladder tumor, kidney stones, bladder stones, debris caught in the urinary tract, injury, spinal cord abnormalities, incontinence from excessive drinking or weak bladder, stress, congenital (or inborn) abnormalities, diabetes, or other urinary tract dysfunction.

For these pets, your veterinarian may suggest taking additional preventative measures. In some cases, your pet may not exhibit any symptoms, so keep up with regular trips to the veterinarian to monitor your petโ€™s overall health. Early detection and treatment are important to relieve your pet of their pain and to reduce the risk of developing serious health complications that may require more intense and more expensive treatments.

4. Who is most affected by UTIs?

There is a lot of talk about which pets are most susceptible to UTIs- - younger or older, male or female, dogs or cats, pets with health conditions. In reality any pet can develop a UTI and you should take proper care to prevent, identify, and treat these infections.

5. Follow Up to Follow Through

In addition to a physical examination and a discussion of the symptoms, your veterinarian may also run some tests to diagnose a UTI. A urinalysis detects the infection, and a urine culture confirms the infection and identifies the infecting bacteria. In many cases a course of Cephalexin antibiotics or Clavamox will be prescribed to treat the UTI. Once this or any treatment is complete, some veterinarians suggest a follow-up urine culture to confirm that the infection has been eliminated. This extra step can help to detect persistent infections that require further treatment.

This information is for informational purposes only and is not meant as a substitute for the professional advice of, or diagnosis or treatment by, your veterinarian with respect to your pet. It has, however, been verified by a licensed veterinarian for accuracy.

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