Sjögren-Like Syndrome in Dogs: A Detailed Guide How to Identify Sjögren-Like Syndrome in Dogs and Steps to Take

Sjögren-Like Syndrome in Dogs: A Detailed Guide

Sjögren's Syndrome is an extreme autoimmune disorder that affects dogs’ eyes and mouths. We discuss the condition in detail here.

Sjögren's Syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the salivary and lacrimal glands, leading to dryness of the mouth and eyes. Although this illness is well-known in humans, did you realize that dogs can also have a similar sickness? Yes, you're right. Sjögren-like Syndrome, which can also occur in dogs, is a disorder that is quite similar to its human counterpart.

To better understand and treat Sjögren-like Syndrome in dogs, pet owners and veterinarians will benefit from this article, which will examine its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available treatments.


Although the precise origin of Sjögren-like Syndrome in dogs is still not entirely understood, it is considered an autoimmune condition. In autoimmune disease in dogs, the immune system mistakenly attacks the dog's tissues, in this case, the salivary and lacrimal glands. Although the exact cause of this autoimmune reaction is still unclear, it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and perhaps viral diseases.

It is thought that some dog breeds, like the Miniature Schnauzer, are prone to acquiring Sjögren's Disease. The likelihood of being impacted is considerably higher in female dogs and older canines. Stress and other environmental variables, including exposure to chemicals, may play a role in developing this illness.


The symptoms of this canine autoimmune disease vary based on the severity and duration of the disease, but some of the most common signs include:

  • Dry mouth (xerostomia)

  • Dry and crusty nose

  • Dry eyes (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) leading to decreased tear production and conjunctivitis

  • Excessive thirst (polydipsia) and increased urination (polyuria)

  • Difficulty with eating and swallowing

  • Halitosis

  • Weight loss

  • Appetite loss

  • Oral infections and tooth decay

Treatment and Management Options

The treatment and management of Sjögren systemic diseases in dogs focus on relieving the signs and addressing the underlying autoimmune disorder. Some of the common options include:

  • Artificial tears: A dog with an autoimmune disease may need artificial tears or lubricants.

  • Immunosuppressive drugs: By reducing immunological activity, these drugs stop the body's immune system from attacking its own tissues. They are frequently employed in treating the underlying autoimmune condition that causes Sjögren's Syndrome. However, long-term use of these medications can have side effects and requires careful monitoring. However, Azathioprine and Cyclosporine may be prescribed.

  • Moisturizing agents: Your veterinarian could advise utilizing moisturizing products, including water additives or gels, to help control dry mouth.

  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat any secondary infections caused by dry mouth and decreased saliva production.

  • Dental care: Good dental hygiene is essential for dogs with autoimmune diseases of the mouth to prevent dental decay and infections. Frequent and proper teeth brushing, professional cleanings, and monitoring of the oral cavity are recommended to manage oral manifestations of autoimmune diseases.

  • Nutritional management: A soft or wet feed may be necessary to simplify eating and swallowing for dogs with Sjögren-like Syndrome.

  • Environmental management: Managing stress and reducing exposure to environmental pollutants can aid symptom management and Sjögren-like Syndrome flare-up prevention.

Can You Prevent Sjögren-like Syndrome in Dogs?

However, since the actual etiology of Sjögren-like Syndrome in dogs is not yet fully recognized, there is no method to assure prevention. However, there are some measures dog owners can take to lower the likelihood that their dogs will contract the ailment:

  • Frequent veterinary check-ups: Routine check-ups with a veterinarian can help detect and manage Sjögren-like Syndrome in dogs.

  • Good dental hygiene: Maintaining good dental hygiene can help prevent tooth decay and oral infections that can exacerbate the signs of Sjögren-like Syndrome.

  • Avoid exposure to toxins: Sjögren-like Syndrome may be avoided or treated by limiting your dog's exposure to environmental contaminants such as secondhand smoke, chemicals, and pollution.

  • Provide a balanced diet: A nutritious food that is balanced can assist your dog's immune system and general wellness.

  • Stress management: Regular exercise, playing, and other enrichment activities can lower your dog's stress levels, improve their general health, and lower their chance of developing autoimmune diseases.

While taking these precautions won't necessarily prevent Sjögren-like Syndrome in dogs, they can help lower the likelihood that the ailment will manifest or lessen the severity of its symptoms if it does.

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