From handling waste to regulating blood pressure, your cat’s kidneys are doing a lot of work. So when something goes awry, whether it’s a simple infection, kidney stones, or a more complex disease, it can wreak havoc with your cat’s health. Treatment options for kidney-related problems in your cat vary based on the cause: bacterial infections, which are fairly common, are treatable with antibiotics, while kidney failure can only be managed with drugs and dietary changes, and is not curable.
4 Common Medications to Manage Kidney Disease in Your Cat
- Salix: This medication is also available under the brand name Furosemide, and is a diuretic, which means that it helps to reduce the fluid levels in a cat’s body. The drug works by reducing the amount of chloride, sodium, potassium, and water that are absorbed into the kidneys. For cats with kidney disease, this drug helps to reduce how much work is required from their weakened and less effectual kidneys.
- Cephalexin: If your cat has a kidney infection, this antibiotic will resolve the problem.
- Allopurinol: This medication can help to dissolve bladder or kidney stones. Since stones are quite painful, and also can cause blockage in the urinary tract, removing them is important. Allopurinol can also be used to prevent future stones.
- Benazepril Hydrochloride: This medication is used for cats who have renal failure; it’s not a cure, since none is available, but the drug will help to manage your cat’s painful symptoms. Note that it should not be given in conjunction with Salix or Furosemide, since those drugs interact poorly with Benazepril Hydrochloride.
Nutritional Adjustments for Cats With Kidney Disease
In addition to antibiotics and other pet meds, dietary adjustments and prescription diets can also sometimes help treat kidney disease.
- Regardless of the particular problem your cat is having with their kidneys, providing ample, fresh water is recommended.
- Vets often recommend protein-restricted diets, to help reduce the buildup of urea, which causes discomfort for your cat.
- It’s also recommended to restrict the amounts of phosphorus and salt present within a cat’s diet if kidney disease is a concern.
- Finally, omega-three fatty acids can help increase blood flow, and decrease any inflammation of the kidneys, and are recommended as a supplement.
See more information on diet-based principles for managing cat kidney disease.
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