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Just like humans, unwanted pregnancies in dogs is common. Unplanned mating, known as mismating, can produce unwanted puppies. The mating process in animals happens naturally. There are many cases of dog owners encountering their unspayed female dogs mating with unneutered male dogs. As a result, they have a huge litter of puppies to take care of, which may not always be wanted. Spaying and emasculating is one option to curb mating, but what happens if your dog is already pregnant as a result of mismating?Abortion in dogs
Yes, abortion in dogs is possible. If you are a dog owner and your dog has become pregnant, you may decide to terminate the pregnancy only after consulting a veterinarian, who evaluates risks and performs the procedure. The first step to take is diagnosing your dog's pregnancy.There have been cases where the dog presented for abortion were not pregnant. It is important to diagnose your dog's pregnancy before administering any treatment. Some dog abortion drugs have several side effects, and you surely don't want your dog to be subjected to something so perilous unnecessarily. In order to diagnose your dog's pregnancy, you need to consider the following facts:
- Heat in the dog, which can be tested with a vaginal smear.
- Mating time, which is usually is between 20 to 30 minutes.
- Mating, which is done tested using swab tests for sperms, fetal heartbeats, ultrasounds, or pregnancy test using a kit.
The following treatment options are available for abortion in dogs:
- Estrogen injectionsA veterinarian may administer an estrogen injection soon after mating. However, in recent years, the use of estrogen injections is reduced owing to their side effects such as anemia and bone marrow suppression.
- Oral estrogenAlthough a potential treatment option, oral estrogen is considered ineffective. It is not recommended by vets because it causes infection of the uterus (pyrometra).
- DexamethasoneDexamethasone is also a plausible option to terminate pregnancy. It is also administered by a vet, but it has side effects such as excessive thirst (polydispia), excessive urination (polyuria), and panting.
- Prostaglandin F2 AlphaThis a natural hormone administered by vets to terminate pregnancy safely. It is however seen to have mild side effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, panting, trembling and excessive drooling.Side effects are unavoidable in any type of dog abortion treatment. Discomfort, pain and vaginal bleeding are common in both planned and spontaneous abortion treatments. You need to monitor your dog's behavior carefully for such side effects. You can also consider pain management techniques to alleviate the discomfort. In order to manage future pregnancies, consider spaying you dog by going to a veterinarian.