How to Prevent/Minimize Vision Loss in Diabetic Dogs Effective Tips to Protect a Diabetic Dogโ€™s Eyesight

BY | January 04 | COMMENTS PUBLISHED BY
How to Prevent/Minimize Vision Loss in Diabetic Dogs

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Prolonged diabetes can be catastrophic to a dogโ€™s eyesight. If your dog is diabetic, learn more about ways to protect them from vision loss.

Diabetes is a common condition in dogs that can lead to a variety of health complications, including vision loss. However, with proper management and treatment, it is possible to prevent or minimize vision loss in diabetic dogs. In this article, we will explore some of the steps that pet owners can take to protect their diabetic dog's vision and ensure that they maintain good eye health.

Good Glycemic Control

Good glycemic control, or the regulation of blood sugar levels, is important in managing diabetes in dogs. High blood sugar levels can lead to a variety of complications, including vision loss. To prevent or minimize vision loss, it is important to keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range.

One way to achieve good glycemic control is through the use of insulin therapy. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels by allowing glucose (sugar) to enter cells and be used for energy. Dogs with diabetes may require daily insulin injections to keep their blood sugar levels within a normal range.

In addition to insulin therapy, it is important to monitor your dog's blood sugar levels regularly and make adjustments to their insulin dosage as needed. This can be done through the use of a home glucose monitoring kit or by visiting the veterinarian for regular check-ups.

It is also important to feed your diabetic dog a well-balanced diet that is low in simple sugars and high in fiber. This can help keep blood sugar levels stable and prevent sudden spikes. Exercise can also help regulate blood sugar levels, so it is important to encourage your dog to stay active.

By following a consistent treatment plan and maintaining good glycemic control, you can help prevent or minimize vision loss in your diabetic dog. It is important to work closely with your veterinarian to develop the best treatment plan for your individual dog.

Medical Management of Diabetic Cataracts

In addition to managing diabetes, your veterinarian may also recommend medications or other treatments to help slow the progression of cataracts or protect your dog's vision. This may include medications such as steroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help reduce inflammation and swelling in the eye.

Along with other medications, topical steroids like prednisolone acetate and dexamethasone might be prescribed. Topical steroids can dysregulate diabetes in some dogs, so it’s best to follow a vet’s instructions before administering them. 

Kinostat

Kinostat is a brand of eyecare products that may be used to treat certain eye conditions in dogs. It is specifically formulated for use in dogs and contains ingredients that may help to reduce inflammation, lubricate the eyes, and protect against further damage.

Kinostat may be used to treat a variety of eye conditions in dogs, including dry eye, conjunctivitis, and keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). It is typically administered as eye drops or ointment and may be prescribed by a veterinarian for use in dogs with diabetes or other conditions that may affect eye health.

While Kinostat is not specifically formulated to prevent or treat diabetic cataracts in dogs, it may be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan to help manage and protect the eyes in dogs with diabetes. Kinostat contains ingredients that may help to reduce inflammation and lubricate the eyes, which can be beneficial for dogs with diabetes. 

It has been noted during tests that dogs treated with Kinostat had an 85% lesser chance of developing diabetic cataracts within 9 months. Kinostat prevents excess glucose from metabolizing into sorbitol irrespective of the hyperglycemia levels present, which prevents diabetes-induced cataracts in dogs. 

However, it is important to note that the most effective treatment for diabetic cataracts in dogs is typically surgical removal of the cloudy lens. This surgery can restore vision and improve the quality of life for dogs with diabetes.

Diabetic Lens-Induced Uveitis 

Diabetic lens-induced uveitis (DLIU) is a complication of diabetes that can occur in dogs. It is caused by changes in the lens of the eye, which can lead to inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye. DLIU can cause eye pain, redness, and vision loss if left untreated.

To help prevent DLIU in dogs with diabetes, it is important to carefully manage diabetes and maintain good blood sugar control. This may involve giving your dog insulin injections, feeding a specific diet, and monitoring your dog's blood sugar levels regularly.

It is also important to bring your dog to the veterinarian for regular eye exams, as DLIU can be difficult to detect and may require specific treatments to manage. Your veterinarian may recommend medications or other treatments to help control the inflammation and protect your dog's vision.

In addition to managing your dog's diabetes and seeking treatment for DLIU, it is also important to keep your dog's eyes clean and protect their eyes from injury. This can help prevent the development of DLIU and other eye problems.

In conclusion, diabetic eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and diabetic cataracts can cause significant vision loss in dogs if left untreated. However, with proper management and care, it is possible to prevent or minimize vision loss in diabetic dogs.

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