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Fanconi Syndrome In Dogs And Cats

A Genetic Kidney Condition

By April 27 | See Comments

Orange cat with affenpincher in the background

Fanconi Syndrome is a genetic kidney condition that is progressive, incurable and is seem more so in dogs than in cats. There are various treatments available if diagnosed early on in the disorder. Learn more here.

Fanconi syndrome is a progressive condition that can affect the kidneys of both dogs and cats. However, it’s more likely to appear in dogs. Fanconi syndrome occurs when the renal tubules of the kidney are unable to properly absorb electrolytes and nutrients (sodium, potassium, glucose, phosphate, bicarbonate, and amino acids) back into the body. Instead, these electrolytes and nutrients are released into the urine.

Why Did My Pet Develop Fanconi Syndrome?

Your cat or dog may have developed this condition because of genetic factors or by taking a medication that had an adverse affect on their kidneys. The most common causes are:

How Will I Know if My Dog or Cat has Fanconi Syndrome?

Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition and how far along it is. Most dogs begin to exhibit symptoms between three to seven years of age. The most common symptoms of Fanconi syndrome include:

What Are the Best Ways to Treat Fanconi Syndrome?

After completing a blood profile, as well as a urinalysis to gauge levels of sodium, potassium, glucose, phosphate, bicarbonate, and amino acids; your vet will suggest a treatment plan that best suits your pet. Keep in mind that while Fanconi syndrome can be treated, it can not be reversed or cured. Common ways to treat the condition include:

  • Stopping all medications that may be toxic to the kidneys.
  • Consistently providing the animal with fresh drinking water.
  • Switching the animal to a low-protein diet that will be easier on the kidneys.
  • Administering medications that assist in kidney functioning.
  • Administering vitamin, mineral, and amino acid replacement (performed by a vet).
  • Routine wellness checkups.

If not treated, kidney failure can occur. The animal will no longer be able to maintain homeostasis, meaning their bodily functions will shut down, ultimately resulting in death. In rare cases, Fanconi syndrome, upon blood testing, has been mistaken for diabetes, which, if improperly treated, can be dangerous for a cat or dog.

In an effort to prevent this condition from affecting your pet you may want to avoid medications that have been considered toxic to the kidneys.

More on Kidney Health

Food To Treat Kidney Disease In Cats And Dogs
Prescription Diets For Dogs With Kidney Disease
Warning Signs For Kidney Failure In Cats

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Fanconi Syndrome at a glance

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  • 1Fanconi syndrome is a progressive condition that can affect the kidneys of both dogs and cats.
  • 2The condition occurs more often in dogs of specific breeds than cats.
  • 3Symptoms can range from dehydration to urinary tract infections.
  • 4Fanconi syndrome can be treated, but not cured.
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