Colonic Ulcers in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment How To Treat and Manage Colonic Ulcers In Cats

Colonic Ulcers in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Colonic ulcers are one issue that cats may experience. These ulcers develop in the colon or large intestine and can irritate and hurt our feline pals. In this article, we explore this condition further.

Cats are cherished household pets that give their owners joy and company. However, like other living beings, they are prone to various health issues. One such problem that can affect cats is colonic ulcers - a kind of gastrointestinal disease in cats. These ulcers, which develop in the colon or large intestine, can irritate and hurt our feline pals. 

In this article, we will explore what this colonic ulcer is, how it develops in cats, its signs and symptoms, and what you can do to prevent and treat it.


Many factors may contribute to the development of colonic ulcers in cats. The most common reasons are listed below:

  • Infections: Ulcers can form in the colon as a result of bacterial, viral, and parasite infections that irritate and harm the lining of the colon.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD): This is a chronic illness marked by inflammation of the intestinal lining, which can result in ulcers.

  • Medication: A number of pharmaceuticals, including corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can harm the intestinal lining and raise the risk of ulcers.

  • Stress: Due to changes in their digestive systems and decreased blood supply to the colon, cats that are worried or anxious may develop ulcers.

  • Diet: Poor-quality or high-fat diets can irritate and inflame the colon, which can result in ulcers.

  • Trauma: Physical injuries, including those brought on by foreign objects or trauma, can lead to the development of ulcers.

  • Cancer: In some instances, tumors in the colon can cause ulceration.

IBD Symptoms In Cats

The symptoms of IBD in cats can vary depending on the gravity and exact location of the ulcers. Here are some prevalent symptoms to look out for:

  • Diarrhea: Cats with IBD may have frequent diarrhea that can be bloody or contain mucous.

  • Straining: Due to the discomfort and agony brought on by the ulcers, cats may strain when pooping.

  • Decreased Appetite: Colonic ulcers in cats might cause them to lose weight because of a decreased appetite.

  • Vomiting: Cats with severe colonic ulcers may vomit due to nausea and discomfort.

  • Abdominal Pain: Cats may vocalize, become restless, or resist being handled as symptoms of belly discomfort.

  • Dehydration: Cats with colonic ulcers and chronic diarrhea may get dehydrated.

  • Lethargy: Cats with IBD may appear lethargic and have reduced activity levels.

Treatment and Management Options

The treatment and management of  IBD in cats depend on the underlying cause and severity of the ulcers. Some commonly used treatment options are:

  • Medications: Veterinarians may prescribe antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, and gastric protectants to treat bacterial infections, reduce inflammation, and protect the gastrointestinal lining. 

  • Dietary Management: Changing the cat's diet to a high-fiber or low-fat diet can help manage colonic ulcers.

  • Probiotics: Probiotics can help bring back the balance of beneficial gut bacteria in cats with colonic ulcers.

  • Surgery: In serious conditions, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected section of the colon.

  • Fluid Therapy: Fluid treatment may be needed to restore fluid balance in cats who have become dehydrated as a result of persistent diarrhea.

  • Stress Management: Reducing stress in cats can help prevent issues in cats’ intestines from recurring.

Prevention Strategies

When it comes to feline IBD, prevention is always preferable to treatment. These are some methods for avoiding feline colonic ulcers:

  • Balanced Diet: Feeding your cat a balanced diet that is appropriate for their age, breed, and health status can help prevent colonic ulcers.

  • Clean Water: Providing your cat with clean water at all times can help prevent dehydration, which can cause colonic ulcers.

  • Regular Exercise: Regular exercise can help maintain a healthy weight and reduce stress in cats, which in turn prevents colonic ulcers.

  • Prevent Stress: Colonic ulcers can be avoided by reducing stress in cats by giving them a cozy and secure environment.

  • Consistent Veterinary Exams: Consistent veterinary exams can aid in the detection and treatment of any underlying medical issues that may contribute to colonic ulcers.

  • Avoid Medications your Vet did not prescribe: Unless your veterinarian has recommended them, stay away from feeding your cat NSAIDs and corticosteroids.

  • Parasite Control: Regular parasite control can help your cat avoid parasitic infections that can cause colonic ulcers.

Cat owners can prevent colonic ulcers in their feline friends by using these preventative measures. However, a veterinarian should be consulted for guidance on the best preventive measures for your cat's unique needs.

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