Blepharitis in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Preventing and Managing Blepharitis in Feline Patients

Blepharitis in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Photo by Cong H:

Cats frequently suffer from blepharitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the eyelids. Learn about the signs and management techniques in this article.

Blepharitis is a common eye ailment that causes inflammation of the eyelids in cats. Loads of things, including germs, mites, allergies, and skin conditions, might contribute to it. Symptoms of blepharitis in cats include red, irritated eyes, excessive tear production, and crusty buildup on the eyelids. It might result in further difficulties if untreated.

The causes, signs, and treatments of feline blepharitis, as well as suggestions for preventative care, will all be covered in this article.


The causes of blepharitis in cats include:

  • Bacterial infections

  • Mites (Demodex mites)

  • Allergic reactions

  • Skin disorders (such as seborrhea)

  • Feline herpes virus (FHV-1)

  • Feline calicivirus

  • Immune system disorders in the cat

  • Foreign objects in the cat’s eye

  • Trauma to the cat's  eyelid

  • Cat aging.


The symptoms of blepharitis in cats include:

  • Red, irritated eyes

  • Excessive tear production

  • Crusty buildup on the eyelids

  • Squinting or rubbing of the eyes

  • Eyelid swelling and redness

  • Light sensitivity

  • Cloudy corneas

  • Loss of appetite or lethargy

  • Increased blinking or eye movement

  • Discharge from the eye.

Clinical Diagnosis

The clinical diagnosis of blepharitis in cats typically includes the following steps:

  • Physical examination: The veterinarian will examine the cat's eyes and face for signs of redness, swelling, discharge, and other symptoms.

  • Medical history: The veterinarian will take a thorough medical history, including information about the cat's symptoms and any underlying medical conditions.

  • Laboratory tests: The veterinarian may perform laboratory tests, such as a complete blood count, biochemistry panel, and culture, to rule out underlying conditions that may be contributing to blepharitis.

  • Ocular exam: The veterinarian may perform a thorough ocular exam, including a fluorescein stain test, to assess the health of the eye and identify any eye infections or damage.

  • Imaging: If there are any underlying structural problems causing blepharitis, the veterinarian may occasionally advise imaging tests like ultrasounds or x-rays.

  • Treatment: Based on the results of the diagnostic tests, the veterinarian will develop a treatment plan to manage the cat's blepharitis and prevent it from recurring.

Treatment and Recovery

Treatment and recovery options for blepharitis in cats include:

How To Prevent Blepharitis In Cats

To prevent feline blepharitis:

  • Keep their faces clean by gently wiping any discharge or dirt off with a warm, wet towel.

  • Regularly clean the eyes with a saline solution.

  • Avoid exposing the cat to irritants such as smoke, dust, or chemicals.

  • Ensure your cat is getting adequate nutrition and hydration.

  • Visit the vet frequently to keep an eye on the situation and get the right care if needed.

  • Maintain good overall hygiene, including regular grooming and bathing.

  • Use a humidifier in the home to keep the air moist.

In all, Blepharitis recovery times vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the ailment. Most cats can recover from blepharitis and retain good eye health with the right care. However, some cats may require continuous management to prevent recurrent episodes.

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