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Dexamethasone Ophthalmic Solution is a corticosteroid indicated for the treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions in the eyes and ears. Dexamethasone and its derivatives (dexamethasone sodium phosphate and dexamethasone acetate) are synthetic glucocorticoids. The anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive properties and the ability of the medicine to penetrate the CNS are of use in the treatment. Dexamethasone is used in combination with tobramycin for the treatment of corticosteroid-responsive inflammatory ocular conditions, and is used alone to control cerebral edema. Dexamethasone ophthalmic solution may be used to lessen burning, redness, swelling or inflammation in the ear.
The medication is not recommended for pets with known allergy to dexamethasone. It should be used with caution in animals with ophthalmic infections, glaucoma and corneal abrasions. Do not use the medication, if the pet is showing signs of herpes virus infection. Avoid contact of the dropper tip with the pet’s eye or the owner’s hand as this could contaminate the medication. Store the medication at room temperature.
The medication is meant for topical use only. Dosage is dependent on the severity of the condition. For the treatment of mild diseases, one or two drops topically in the conjunctival sacs, 4–6 times a day, will do. In severe cases, the drops may be used hourly. Make sure to shake the container well before use. Also, wash hands with soap and water before using the medication, this could prevent contamination.
AK-Dex (Akorn), Maxidex (Alcon)
There are no serious side-effects observed with the usage of dexamethasone ophthalmic solution. More commonly, temporary stinging, burning sensation, itching, redness and blurred vision are observed. If the irritation persists, it is advised to consult with the veterinarian or pharmacist. Vision may be temporarily blurred for a few moments after application.
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