Visceral Vascular Tumors in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment What Causes Feline Visceral Vascular Tumors and How Can It Be Treated?

Visceral Vascular Tumors in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Cats' soft tissues can experience the unusual neoplastic disorder known as visceral vascular tumors. In this article, we look into this condition in our felines.

Visceral vascular tumors are rare neoplastic conditions that can develop in the soft tissues of cats. These tumors can develop in a variety of organs, including the liver, spleen, and kidneys, and they can come from lymphatic or blood vessels. Due to their rarity and nonspecific clinical indications, such as tiredness, appetite loss, and weight loss, visceral vascular tumors can be difficult to identify. However, for a good prognosis, early detection and treatment are essential. 

The clinical characteristics and treatment options for visceral vascular tumors in cats will be discussed in this article.

Causes of Feline Visceral Hemangiosarcoma

It is unclear exactly what leads to hemangioma in cats. However, the following are some variables that could support their development:

  • Genetic predisposition: Siamese cats, in particular, may be more susceptible to developing visceral vascular tumors.

  • Age: Older cats, especially those above the age of 10, are more likely to develop visceral vascular tumors.

  • Environmental factors: The chance of developing visceral vascular tumors may be increased by exposure to carcinogens such as tobacco smoke or chemicals.

  • Immune system dysfunction: Visceral vascular tumors may be more likely to develop in cats with compromised immune systems, such as those with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) or feline leukemia virus (FeLV).

  • Hormonal imbalances: According to some research, having hormonal imbalances, such as those brought on by using hormonal birth control or hormone therapy, may make you more likely to develop visceral vascular tumors.

Visceral Vascular Tumor Symptoms

The vague clinical indications of visceral vascular tumors in cats, which might differ depending on the location and size of the tumor, can make them challenging to identify. A hemangioma cat frequently exhibits the following signs:

  • Weight loss: Cats with visceral vascular tumors may lose weight quickly and mysteriously.

  • Reduced appetite: Cats with visceral vascular tumors may have a decreased appetite or a lack of interest in feeding.

  • Lethargy: Cats with visceral vascular tumors may exhibit signs of exhaustion, weakness, or a lack of enthusiasm in play or activity.

  • Vomiting and/or diarrhea: Visceral vascular tumors in cats can cause vomiting and/or diarrhea.

  • Abdominal swelling: Visceral vascular tumors in the abdomen can cause swelling, distension, or a palpable mass.

  • Difficulty breathing: In some cases, visceral vascular tumors can compress the lungs or other nearby organs, leading to difficulty breathing.

Treatment Options for Vascular Cancer in Cats

Visceral hemangiosarcoma in cats can be treated and managed in a variety of ways, depending on the location and size of the tumor, the cat's general health, and its medical history. Treatment choices might be:

  • Surgery: Depending on the size and location of the tumor, surgical removal may be an option. Visceral vascular tumors that have not metastasized (spread to other areas of the body) are frequently treated with surgery.

  • Chemotherapy: For cats with visceral vascular tumors that have metastasized to other body parts, chemotherapy may be suggested. Chemotherapy can help the tumor develop more slowly while also enhancing the cat's quality of life.

  • Radiation treatment: For cats with visceral vascular tumors that cannot be surgically removed, radiation treatment may be advised. Radiation therapy may aid in tumor reduction and symptom relief.

  • Palliative care: In some instances, the tumor may be too advanced for curative treatment. Palliative care can help manage symptoms and improve the cat's quality of life. Palliative care may include pain management medications as prescribed by your vet.

Prevention Tips

As of now, there are no particular precautions that can ensure avoidance because the precise causes of visceral vascular tumors in cats are not yet fully recognized. There are, however, some general actions that cat owners may take to help lower the possibility that their cat will acquire these tumors as well as other health problems:

  • Frequent veterinary check-ups: Schedule routine veterinary check-ups for your cat, which can help catch potential health issues early and improve the chances of successful treatment and management.

  • Healthy diet and exercise: Provide your cat with a well-balanced diet and encourage constant exercise and playtime with toys to help maintain a healthy weight and overall health.

  • Avoid exposure to carcinogens: Limit your cat's exposure to carcinogens, such as tobacco smoke and chemicals, which may heighten the possibility of developing visceral vascular tumors and other health issues.

  • Vaccinations and parasite control: Keep your cat up to date on vaccinations and parasite control, which can help prevent infectious diseases that may weaken the immune system and heighten the risk of developing health issues.

  • Spay/neuter: Consider spaying or neutering your cat, which may minimize the risk of certain types of cancer and other health issues.

While these precautions cannot ensure entire prevention, they can aid in promoting your cat's general health and well-being, which can lower the likelihood that it will have health problems like visceral vascular tumors.

Was this article helpful?