Toxoplasmosis In Cats What is it and how to deal with it?

BY | December 07 | COMMENTS PUBLISHED BY
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Toxoplasmosis is a condition caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma Gondii, which is spread to humans and other animals through contact with the feces of cats or other infected animals.

Toxoplasmosis is a common disease caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. The infection is more common in semi-domesticated cats than fully domesticated cats, 14.9% against 1.3%, respectively. It is calculated that around 1 in 50 cats shed the parasite at any given point in time.

The parasite can be found in soil and cat feces, so your cat can become infected by simply eating contaminated food or water. It also may be found in undercooked meat, unwashed fruits, and vegetables.

Spread of Toxoplasmosis

The parasite spreads through their bodily fluids, including their saliva and feces. Cats may become infected by eating an infected rodent or by licking their fur after exposure to the parasite.

The virus can also be transmitted from mother to newborn kittens through their mothers' milk during pregnancy. This is why it's important that your pregnant cat be tested for toxoplasmosis as early as possible so you can ensure she doesn't pass the infection on to her unborn kittens before birth.

Toxoplasmosis can also result from a kitten acquiring the infection from its mother before birth. If you have recently acquired an older kitten who has not been tested for toxoplasmosis, there’s a chance it could be infected, even if it had no symptoms when you adopted it.

For your cat's safety, keep her indoors or use a fence that prevents outdoor access and helps keep outdoor cats out of your yard. Don't feed stray cats in your yard, and make sure all kitty litter boxes are cleaned frequently to reduce the risk of toxoplasmosis exposure for both you and your pet.

Symptoms Of Toxoplasmosis In Cats

The symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats include fever, lethargy, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. It can also cause blindness or seizures in cats. If your cat experiences any of these symptoms and you have reason to believe that she may have been exposed to the parasite T. gondii, it's important that you see a veterinarian right away.

How Is Toxoplasmosis Treated?

It's important to remember that the condition requires treatment only if your cat is pregnant or has a weakened immune system. If your kitty needs antibiotics for cats, she'll need them for at least four weeks after the symptoms go away.

Your cat will need to be treated with antibiotics for cats, anti-parasitic pet medications, and/or steroids to help eliminate the parasites from her body.

If your cat appears to have contracted the disease from its mother before birth, sulfa antibiotics will be prescribed for the infected newborn kitten. The treatment should continue until the kitten is four weeks old and weighs at least 2 pounds.

If your cat was born healthy despite exposure to toxoplasmosis, it could still become infected later in life. If this happens, a different kind of medication, drugs containing pyrimethamine or sulfadiazine, will be prescribed by your veterinarian.

These cats are also required to be confined indoors while they are being treated. It is also a good option to have separate cat beds and cat bowls to ensure that the infection does not transmit to others.

A Physical Exam And Run Some Tests To Diagnose Toxoplasmosis

Your veterinarian will do a physical exam and run some tests to diagnose toxoplasmosis. These may include a complete blood count (CBC), serum biochemistry profile, and urinalysis.

A CBC measures red and white blood cells and the number of platelets in the blood. A serum biochemistry profile can give your veterinarian information about the enzymes, minerals, hormones, and protein levels in your cat's body fluids. A urinalysis checks for abnormalities in urine that could be caused by diseases such as kidney failure or bladder stones.

Urinary tract infections are common in cats with toxoplasmosis because it inflames the lining of their urinary tract causing blood cells to leak into their urine stream, which makes it appear bloody when you see them peeing outside. The infection can be treated with Clavamox for cats to ensure that your pet has no problem while urinating. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, toxoplasmosis is a disease that can be fatal for cats. If your cat has been diagnosed with this disease, it's essential to take her to the vet as soon as possible. She will likely need antibiotics for cats or other pet medications to help fight the infection and prevent further complications.

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