Soft, cuddly, squirmy, mischievous puppies! There’s nothing quite like bringing one of these adorable bundles home for the first time, and because the experience is so unique, it’s important to be prepared. Your puppy will go through many changes during the first 18 months of their life, and knowing what to expect will make the process a lot easier. Ready to embark on an exciting adventure? Here’s what to expect from your growing pup week-to-week.
BIRTH TO SEVEN WEEKS
From the moment they are born, puppies can taste and feel. Between two to four weeks their eyes open, their teeth begin to come in, and they develop their senses of hearing and smell. By the fourth or fifth week their eyesight is well developed and they are starting to stand, stumble around, and wag their tail.
This period of time should be spent with their mother and littermates, as it is in that environment that they will begin to learn appropriate social behaviors, including bite inhibition, confidence, appropriate attention seeking, and appropriate submission. This is the time when a pup really learns how to be a dog.
EIGHT WEEKS TO ELEVEN WEEKS
Puppies are usually weaned off of their mother’s milk at six to seven weeks, and by eight weeks most puppies are ready to go home with a family.
During this time your puppy will be sleeping a lot, but they will also be getting familiar with their surroundings. Your pup will be very curious, impressionable, and easily scared. Be careful to avoid frightening experiences, and any necessary ones (such as vaccinations at the veterinarian), should be made less scary with treats, praise, and your positive attitude. However, never overly coddle or console your pup at this time, as it can affect their confidence.
You can start working on housebreaking and some training, but don’t expect too much, and don’t even think about discipline! Your pup is much too young to understand and punishment will only serve to frighten your pup and strain your budding relationship.
TWELVE TO FIFTEEN WEEKS
Your pup is starting to notice what gets your attention and who is in charge (in some cases, it may not be you). You may see signs of independence and confidence in your pal, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t still looking to you for leadership. In fact, this is exactly when you should start showing them who is the boss with close supervision and regular training. Just remember to stay positive and avoid getting frustrated. Your pup is still very vulnerable and they are watching your every response.
A great thing to do during this time is enroll in a puppy training class. Classes are not only an excellent way to socialize your pup and get them comfortable with unfamiliar situations, they also teach critical skills like how to come, sit, and walk properly on a leash. Be sure that any class you enroll in is positive and not punishment-based.
SIXTEEN TO TWENTY FOUR WEEKS
Hold on tight -- adolescence is here. Your pup may begin ignoring known commands, chasing, nipping, barking, mounting, demanding attention, and basically acting like a little rascal. What’s it all about? They are nearing sexual maturity, and with it comes high energy and a need for stimulation.
Your pup will also probably begin teething, which occurs when they lose their baby teeth and adult teeth begin to push through the gums, causing pain and irritation. Your pup may act a little anxious and may even take out their pain on the leg of the dining room table or your favorite pair of sneakers. Combat this by offering safe toys for chewing. Something like Puppybone Chew should satiate your dog's urge and keep your furniture safe from bite marks.
During this time it is important to provide plenty of exercise and keep up with training, but don’t expect perfect obedience. Some dogs also go through a fear phase at four months of age, so try to keep a positive attitude.
Most veterinarians suggest spaying or neutering your dog at the end of this phase -- around six months of age.
SIX TO ELEVEN MONTHS
You’re not out of the woods yet! Even if your pup was spayed or neutered at six months, chances are they will still be causing a bit of mischief. At this time your growing pup is trying to come to terms with two conflicting ideas: they want to please you, but they also want to be independent. Expect to be tested. Give your pup an inch during this time, and they may take a mile. The best you can do is remain calm, and never let your puppy ignore your commands. Reinforce the meaning of the word “no,” which your pup will begin to understand (but may not obey!) when they reach adolescence.
TWELVE TO EIGHTEEN MONTHS
At some point during this phase, your pup will reach emotional maturity. It usually happens sooner for small dogs and later for large dogs. In some cases, a dog may continue to behave like a puppy until they are two years old! Enjoy it while it lasts, even if it comes with some behaviors that make you want to pull your hair out. Your dog likely won’t be this energetic and playful forever, so have fun while asserting your dominance and keeping up with training.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is normal behavior for a puppy?
Puppies are energetic, curious, and playful. They will often chew on things, bark, and jump. It is normal for puppies to be curious and want to explore their environment, so they may get into things they shouldn't. It is important to be patient and consistent when training a puppy and to provide them with appropriate toys and things to chew on. It is also normal for puppies to be afraid of new people and situations at first, so it is important to give them time to adjust and to provide a safe and secure environment.
What is the hardest puppy age?
The age at which puppies are the most challenging can vary depending on the individual puppy and their breed, as well as the owner's experience and lifestyle. That being said, many people find the first few months of a puppy's life to be the most challenging. During this time, puppies are learning how to behave and interact with their environment, and they require a lot of attention, socialization, and training. They may also be more prone to getting into mischief and chewing on things they shouldn't. It can be a lot of work, but it is also a very rewarding time as you help your puppy grow and develop into a well-behaved adult dog.
What age is a puppy best behaved?
It is difficult to say at what age a puppy will be "best behaved," as each individual puppy is different and may mature at a different rate. However, with proper training and socialization, most puppies will become well-behaved adult dogs. It is important to start training and socializing a puppy as soon as possible, as this will help them learn how to behave and interact with their environment. Training and socialization should be a continuous process throughout a puppy's life, and it is important to be patient and consistent when working with your puppy. With time, patience, and consistent training, most puppies will become well-behaved adult dogs.
What is abnormal puppy behavior?
Abnormal puppy behavior can include any behavior that is unusual or abnormal for puppies. Some examples of abnormal puppy behavior include aggression towards people or other animals, excessive barking or whining, destructive behavior like chewing or digging, urinating or defecating inside despite being trained, extreme fear or anxiety, and loss or sudden changes in appetite. If you notice any of these behaviors in your puppy, you should consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer to determine the cause and develop a plan to address the behavior.
What are signs of a good puppy?
Some signs of a good puppy include a calm and confident demeanor, willingness to learn and respond to training, being comfortable with new people and situations, friendly and affectionate nature, healthy appetite, good physical condition, regular bowel movements, and regular urination. Of course, every puppy is different, and it is normal for puppies to exhibit some mischievous or undesirable behaviors from time to time. With patience, consistent training, and proper care, most puppies will grow into well-behaved adult dogs.
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