The Miniature Schnauzer was developed in Germany by crossing the Standard Schnauzer with smaller breeds. This spirited, intelligent dog can develop problems related to high fat content in its blood, including pancreatitis. The dog is also prone to Schnauzer Comedo Syndrome, a skin condition named after the breed; Schnauzer comedo syndrome, von Willebrand’s disease; and bladder stones. This breed usually lives from 12 to 14 years.
Primary Health Conditions of the Miniature Schnauzer
Schnauzer Comedo syndrome is a condition of the skin, which results in the formation of oil or pus filled bumps along the dog’s back. Typically, the condition requires little care without consequence for the dog other than in its appearance, unless an infection occurs. While infections can be treated with simple antibiotics, owners should be alert to changes in the Schnauzer’s health, since infections should not go long without treatment. The breed is also prone to diseases related to high fat content in the bloodstream, including pancreatitis, which can present as abdominal pain and vomiting. Hospitalization is necessary if pancreatitis develops. The Miniature Schnauzer can also develop von Willebrand’s syndrome, which results in improper blood clotting. There is no treatment for this disease, and breeders should not mate affected dogs.
Secondary Health Conditions of the Miniature Schnauzer
The Miniature Schnauzer can develop bladder stones, which can cause urine blockage and sometimes intense pain in the dog. Treatment for existing stones can be performed through flushing of the bladder or by way of surgery. Dogs that are prone to this condition should receive specialized diets low in purine. Like many breeds, the Miniature Schnauzer can also inherit progressive retinal atrophy, or deterioration of the retina, leading to sight loss. Because the condition is hereditary, the best prevention is to obtain dogs from breeders careful not to breed affected dogs.
Miniature Schnauzer Exercise and Walking Needs
The Miniature Schnauzer is a high energy dog that requires long walks on a daily basis and the opportunity for vigorous play. Being small and agile, this play can take place in the house or even an apartment, but a yard or park for open running is ideal. This dog can put on weight, and given the particular health problems it is prone to, regular exercise will certainly help to keep the Miniature Schnauzer more healthful and longer lived.
Miniature Schnauzer Nutritional Needs
The Miniature Schnauzer has a number of health problems particular to its breed that can be at least partially regulated through diet. Its propensity towards high fat content in its bloodstream makes a low fat food for this dog of especial importance. Also, being prone to bladder stones, the Miniature Schnauzer should be fed a dog food that is low in purine, which should be available through your veterinary or dog specialty shop.