Feline Audiogenic Reflex Seizures How to Treat and Prevent Audiogenic Reflex Seizures

Feline Audiogenic Reflex Seizures https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2017/09/20/17/09/kitten-2769272_1280.jpg

A uncommon yet deadly neurological condition known as Feline Audiogenic Reflex Seizures (FARS) affects cats. In this article, we break down all you need to know about this condition.

Feline Audiogenic Reflex Seizures (FARS), also known as Tom and Jerry syndrome, is a rare but serious neurological disorder that affects cats. It is a form of reflex epilepsy brought on by certain noises, such as the sound of a can opening or plastic crinkling. The cat's quality of life may significantly decline due to FARS, which may be a terrifying experience for both the cat and its owner.

The symptoms, diagnosis, and available treatments for audiogenic seizures in cats will all be covered in this article, along with some advice on handling this problem in cats.


The exact cause of audiogenic reflex seizures in cats is not perfectly understood, but researchers have proposed several potential factors that may contribute to the developing of this condition. These include:

  • Genetic predisposition: Certain cat breeds and individual cats may be more genetically predisposed to having FARS than others.

  • Brain anomalies: FARS may be accompanied by anatomical flaws in the brain, such as lesions or deformities, which can impair the regular brain activity.

  • Environmental triggers: Cats with FARS may experience seizures in response to certain sounds, such as high-pitched or abrupt loud noises.

  • Metabolic disorders: Cats may experience more seizures if they have certain metabolic conditions, such as hypoglycemia or liver illness.

  • Medications: Some medications, such as certain antibiotics or antifungal drugs, may heighten the risk of seizures in cats. For example, Phenobarbital side effects in cats include seizures.


Myoclonic jerks in cats can cause several symptoms in affected cats. Some of the most prevalent symptoms associated with audiogenic seizures include:

  • Cat foaming at the mouth and twitching

  • Vocalization

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Muscle rigidity

  • Involuntary movements

  • Changes in behavior

  • Heightened sensitivity to sounds

Treatment Options

Although there isn't a known treatment for feline audiogenic reflex seizures, many approaches can assist in managing the illness and enhance the lives of affected cats. The following are a few of the most popular FARS therapy options:

  • Medications: Anti-seizure medications, such as Gabapentin or Potassium bromide, may help lessen the frequency and severity of seizures in cats with FARS. A veterinarian must carefully check the effectiveness of these drugs and the absence of any unfavorable side effects in the cat.

  • Sound therapy: Sound therapy includes progressively exposing the cat to the noises that cause seizures in a controlled environment, and it may be helpful for certain FARS animals. Over time, this can assist in desensitizing the cat to certain sounds, decreasing the possibility of a seizure.

  • Environmental management: The management of FARS may also benefit by controlling the cat's environment to lessen exposure to triggers. This can include minimizing exposure to loud or sudden sounds, using soundproofing materials in the home, or providing a quiet and safe space for the cat to retreat when they feel stressed or anxious.

  • Diet and nutrition: Maintaining a healthy diet and ensuring the cat gets all the necessary nutrients may help improve general health and reduce the risk of seizures.

  • Alternative therapies: To help control FARS, some cat owners may investigate complementary therapies like acupuncture or herbal remedies. Before investigating these choices, speaking with a veterinarian is crucial because certain alternative remedies could conflict with traditional therapy.

Prevention Tips

There are currently no known methods for preventing the development of grand mal seizure in cats, as the exact cause of the condition is not fully understood. However, cat owners may take several actions to lessen the likelihood of seizures and enhance the general quality of life for cats with FARS. Some preventative guidelines include:

  • Avoid subjecting the cat to loud or abrupt noises that could cause seizures. This may involve sudden clapping or the crinkling of plastic.

  • Keep the cat's environment as stress-free as possible by minimizing changes to routine, providing many opportunities for exercise and play with mini tennis balls or other toys, and maintaining a consistent feeding and sleeping schedule.

  • Monitor the cat's health and behavior, and immediately report any changes to a veterinarian.

  • Consider genetic testing to determine any potential FARS propensity before adopting a new cat.

However, remember that FARS can be a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. If you suspect that your cat may be experiencing seizures, it is crucial to seek vet care immediately. Many cats with FARS can live happy lives with proper management and treatment.

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