Ectropion in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Understanding Canine Ectropion and How To Treat It

Ectropion in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Ectropion is a widespread eye disorder that affects dogs with slack or sagging skin around the eyes. Learn more about this eye disease in this article.

Ectropion is a common eye condition that affects many dogs, particularly those with loose or droopy skin around the eyes. This disorder develops when the eyelid rolls outward, exposing the sensitive tissue behind and leaving the eye open to infection and other problems.

In this article, we will explore the causes, signs, diagnosis, and treatment options for ectropion in dogs, as well as provide techniques for preventing this condition from occurring in the first place.

Why Are My Dog's Eyes Red and Droopy?

A variety of circumstances can contribute to the development of sudden ectropion in dogs. They consist of:

  • Genetics: Because of their genetic makeup, several breeds, including Bloodhounds, Basset Hounds, and St. Bernards, are more likely to develop ectropion.

  • Age: Older dogs are more likely to develop ectropion because the skin surrounding their eyes gets less elastic with age.

  • Trauma: Ectropion may develop as a result of injury or trauma to the eyelid or its surroundings.

  • Neurological Disorders: Certain neurological disorders, such as facial nerve paralysis, can cause ectropion.

  • Underlying Medical Conditions: Ectropion may occasionally be a symptom of a deeper medical issue, such as hypothyroidism or skin allergies.


The symptoms of ectropion in dogs can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some known symptoms include:

  • A lot of tears or discharge coming from the afflicted eye

  • Inflammation or redness of the eyelid or its surroundings

  • Sensitivity to light or ocular discomfort

  • Conjunctivitis or keratitis can occur in the eyes because exposed tissue is more susceptible to bacterial or fungal infections.

  • Ulcers or abrasions on the cornea can cause discomfort and hinder vision

  • Infections or discharge in the eyes persists despite therapy.

Treatment Options

The treatment for a droopy lower eyelid in dogs depends on the gravity of the condition and the underlying reason. Some of the known treatment options are:

  • Eye Drops or Ointments: In mild cases of droopy eyelids in dogs, eye drops or ointments may be prescribed to help lubricate the eye and reduce irritation.

  • Surgery: To rectify the eyelid posture and stop additional harm to the eye in more severe situations, surgery may be required. Usually, this entails contracting the tissues and muscles around the eyelid.

  • Antibiotics: If the exposed tissue is infected, antibiotics may be prescribed to help clear up the infection and prevent further complications.

  • Management of Underlying Conditions: If ectropion is caused by an underlying medical condition like hypothyroidism or allergies, treating that condition may help resolve the ectropion.

How To Prevent Ectropion In Dogs

There are certain procedures that may be taken to assist in lowering the chance of having this illness, even if not all occurrences of ectropion in dogs can be prevented. These are some precautions to take into account:

  • Consistent Eye Exams: Any potential eye issues can be found early on and treated before they worsen with routine veterinary checkups.

  • Avoiding Eye Trauma: Use protective eyewear while engaging in activities like roughhousing or hunting to help prevent damage to the eye area.

  • Keep Skin Moisturized: Keep the skin around your eyes moisturized and less prone to drooping or becoming loose by using moisturizing creams or lotions.

  • Breed Selection: While selecting a dog breed, take into account the potential danger of ectropion and look into breeds that are less likely to experience the occurrence of this condition.

While the danger of ectropion may not entirely be eliminated by taking these precautions, they can help lower the likelihood that your furry companion will have this disease and improve general eye health. Always seek out individualized advice and direction on the best methods to take care of your pet's unique requirements from a veterinarian.

Was this article helpful?

You May Also Like