Cryptorchidism in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Understanding Feline Cryptorchidism

Cryptorchidism in Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Photo by Pixabay:

Cryptorchidism is a condition in which one or both testicles fail to remain in the scrotal sac. Find more details in this article.

Cryptorchidism, also known as undescended testicles, is a common condition in cats where one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotal sac. This condition can occur in both male kittens and adult cats and can have a number of negative impacts on the cat's health and well-being. 

In this article, we will take a closer look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for cryptorchidism in cats, as well as some tips for preventing this condition in kittens.


Numerous factors, including genetic or developmental ones, might cause this. The following are some typical causes of cat cryptorchidism:

  • Genetics: Some cat breeds are thought to be more predisposed to cryptorchidism than others, and the disorder is believed to have a hereditary component.

  • Hormonal imbalances: Testosterone plays a crucial role in the descent of the testicles, and any disruption in the production of this hormone can cause the testicles to remain in the abdomen.

  • Environmental factors: Exposure to certain chemicals or toxins in utero can interfere with the normal development of the testicles and cause them to remain undescended.

  • Trauma: The testicles may occasionally stay in the abdomen due to trauma or injury.

Although not all causes of cryptorchidism can be found, the causes indicated above are the most typical ones.

Signs and Symptoms

Depending on how severe the problem is, there are many indications and symptoms of cat cryptorchidism. However, some typical symptoms include:

  • Absence of one or both testicles: The absence of one or both testicles in the scrotal sac is the most evident sign of cryptorchidism. Physical examinations make it simple to find this.

  • Small or shrunken testicles: In some cases, the testicles may be present but small or shrunken in size.

  • Abdominal swelling or discomfort: In some cases, the undescended testicles may be located in the abdomen, causing abdominal swelling or discomfort.

  • Infertility: Cryptorchidism can also lead to infertility in cats, as the undescended testicles may not produce sperm.

  • Increased risk of testicular cancer: Undescended testicles are more susceptible to cancerous growths. Therefore, it's important to keep an eye on the health of your cat.


Typically, a physical examination is used to diagnose Feline cryptorchidism. During this examination, the veterinarian will look for testicles in the scrotal sac. The veterinarian may do additional tests to confirm the diagnosis if a testicle is not discovered. Typical diagnostic techniques include:

  • Palpation: The vet will gently feel the area around the scrotal sac and the abdomen to locate any undescended testicles.

  • Ultrasound: The vet may use ultrasound to locate any undescended testicles that may be located in the abdomen.

  • Hormone testing: The vet may check the cat's hormone levels to rule out any hormonal imbalances that may be contributing to the condition.

  • Blood test: The vet may order a blood test to check for any underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to cryptorchidism.


There are several treatment options for cryptorchidism in cats, including:

  • Surgery: The most popular form of therapy for cryptorchidism is surgery. The undescended testicle is removed during the surgery, known as an orchiectomy (s). You should talk to your veterinarian about the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure before having it done because it is done under general anesthesia.

  • Hormonal therapy: The veterinarian may occasionally advise hormone therapy to stimulate the testicles' descent. This is typically only used in cases where the testicles are located in the inguinal canal (close to the scrotal sac) and may descend with hormone treatment. Medicines like methimazole and tapazole may be prescribed as the vet deems fit.

  • Castration: If the testicles cannot be located or if they are non-functioning, the vet may recommend castration. This will prevent any potential health problems associated with undescended testicles.

  • Monitoring: In some cases, the vet may recommend monitoring the cat's condition over time, particularly if the testicles are located in the inguinal canal and may descend with time.

It's important to note that not all cats with cryptorchidism will require treatment, and the best course of action will depend on the individual cat's situation. It's best to discuss the options with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action for your feline companion.

Preventive Measures

Preventive measures for cryptorchidism in cats are limited, as the condition is believed to have a genetic component. To lessen the likelihood of cryptorchidism in kittens, a few things may be done:

  • Breeding: Selecting cats with a low incidence of cryptorchidism in their family history can reduce the risk of the condition in offspring.

  • Environmental factors: Staying indoors to avoid exposure to certain chemicals or toxins during pregnancy and kittenhood may reduce the risk of cryptorchidism.

  • Regular veterinary check-ups: Regular veterinarian examinations can aid in the early detection of cryptorchidism, and in some cases, the testicles may eventually descend.

It's important to note that these preventive measures may not completely eliminate the risk of cryptorchidism, as the condition can also be caused by other factors such as hormonal imbalances or trauma. However, by following these actions, you can lessen the possibility that your feline friend will develop cryptorchidism.

Was this article helpful?

You May Also Like

Image for Testicular Swelling in Cats: Causes and Treatment
Testicular Swelling in Cats: Causes and Treatment

What Causes Cryptorchidism in Cats and How to Manage It

Read More