Common Causes of Seizures in Dogs Know the underlying diseases that can cause seizures in your dog

Common Causes of Seizures in Dogs

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Epilepsy & Neural Health
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Seizures are a common symptom of an underlying disease in dogs. If your dog has seizures, itโ€™s essential to know the probable causes and what you can do to prevent them.

The best way to keep your dog safe is to understand the signs and causes of seizures in dogs. Knowing the signs and causes of these attacks can help you prevent them. 

A seizure can last from a few seconds to several minutes, depending on the cause. From muscle twitching and a dazed look, seizures can cause loss of consciousness, collapse, or strange behavior like attacking their own tail or imaginary objects.

Common Causes of Seizures in Dogs


Distemper is an infectious disease caused by a virus. It affects the respiratory and nervous systems, and symptoms include seizures, fever, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, and blindness. 

Distemper is highly contagious and can spread through respiratory droplets, fecal matter, blood, saliva, and mucus. Dogs can pick it up through contaminated toys, as well as food and water bowls. Ensure your dog is trained to only eat from their feeding bowl.

Distemper can be fatal if left untreated. Puppies have a mortality rate of 80% and adult dogs of 50%, according to Dogs Naturally Magazine. It can be prevented through vaccination at 8 weeks old or older.


If you suspect that your dog has been poisoned, call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Hotline or your local veterinarian immediately. A pet poison helpline can walk you through the best approach to treating your dog's symptoms and help save lives. 

There are a few plants, household products, and everyday foods that are harmful to dogs. The ASPCA has a list of such products on its site. Avoid feeding alcohol, salty snacks, or chocolates to your dog as they may turn out to be toxic for them.

Provide a healthy and balanced diet to your dog to ensure they are satiated and not nibbling things outdoors while on walks. Also, train your dog to never accept treats from strangers, using training toys and treats.


The exact cause of epilepsy isn’t known, but it’s thought to be due to an imbalance of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters. Seizures in epileptic dogs get triggered by these abnormalities in the canine brain.

Primidone is a prescription-only pet medicine used to treat epileptic seizures. 


Bloat or gastric torsion is a life-threatening condition that can occur in dogs of any breed. It occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, trapping air inside. 

Bloating is caused by eating quickly or drinking large amounts of water after eating. This puts pressure on the stomach's walls and creates an imbalance in blood flow between your dog's esophagus and abdominal cavity. 

The best way to prevent bloat is by avoiding exercise after meals since this increases pressure on your dog's abdomen. Instead, keep him calm until he has ingested his food completely. You can use calming treats for dogs if your dog gets extremely excitable and stressed.

Treatment for Seizures

Food Therapy

As per Pet MD, a ketogenic diet with high fat and low carb can work to reduce neuron excitability. Supplements with fish oil can help as they contain Omega-3  fatty acids, which regulate brain processes.

We suggest you explore the right supplements and food options for your dog after consulting a vet. You can order all your pet supplies and pet meds online to ensure you can explore multiple options at your leisure.


Medications like Phenobarbital and Potassium Bromide are used to treat seizures in dogs. Zonisamide is an anticonvulsant drug prescribed nowadays as a pet medicine, as is Levetiracetam. 

However, once you start your pet on an anticonvulsant drug, it needs to be given for its lifetime. 

Alternative Medicines

Alternative medicines like herbs and acupuncture can also be done. Acupuncture uses steel needles to pierce the 17 pressure points in the body to relieve stress and pain.

We hope this article has helped you understand the common causes of seizures in dogs. To ensure you are prepared during emergencies, it is best you order your pet medication in advance from your pet pharmacy or a reliable online store.

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