An Increase In Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis) How often do we give animals diseases?

BY | September 30 | COMMENTS PUBLISHED BY
An Increase In Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis)

Thumbnail of CEFPODOXIME TAB

CEFPODOXIME TAB

Antibiotics
{{petcare_price|currency}} Price in Cart w/PetPlus {{petplus_price|currency}} See PetPlus Price in Cart

It's not just humans getting sick from zoonotic diseases. Animals are getting sick, too, which is more common than you might know. Many issues need to be addressed regarding the health of animals living close to humans.

Animals are often considered healthier than humans, but that's not always the case.  Regarding disease and illness, humans aren't the only ones affected. Just like us, animals can get sick from humans. One of the most recent incidents of Reverse zoonosis was the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in animals. The first case was reported in Hong Kong in February 2020 in a pet dog. It was worse for the animals, as the death rate was observed to be one in 50 in them, about seven times higher than humans. 

Humans Aren't The Only Ones Affected

Your pet can become ill because of you or other people in your household; this is called zoonosis. Zoonotic diseases are bacterial or viral infections transmitted between animals and humans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have a list of zoonotic diseases that can be passed between people and pets, and some are serious enough to cause death!

Some common viruses that infect humans and pets are distemper, parvovirus, canine coronavirus, or adenovirus type 1. 

Can Humans Pass Viruses Onto Their Pets?

You've probably heard that you can't pass viruses on to your pets. While this is partially true, it's not entirely correct. It's a little more complicated than that.

Some animals do tend to be carriers of certain viruses and bacteria, which means they're more likely to infect other animals or even humans with those organisms. But those same animals are also prone to infection at times. It depends on their exposure history, whom they live with, and what environments they're in. 

Reverse Zoonosis

Reverse zoonosis is a lot more common than you might think. It happens when a human passes a disease to an animal; the same can happen in several ways. For example, reverse zoonosis can occur if an infected insect or spider bites you, and the virus gets into your bloodstream. This can potentially infect animals that come into contact with human feces or other excretions, as was found in captive African painted dogs.

For example, if someone scratches their skin and then pets their dog or even coughs or sneezes on them, it could transmit the infected mucous.

The Diseases You Can Transmit To Your Pet

Several conditions can be transmitted from humans to animals, and a few to look out for are:

Strep throat

Most cases of bacterial infections aren't contagious between humans and animals, strep throat being one exception. Unfortunately, it's fatal in animals; if left untreated, it can lead to deadly sepsis or meningitis. It’s advisable to get your pet examined by a vet to prevent such adversity. The ordinary course of treatment shall include pet medicine like Cefpodoxime Proxetil.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that can infect people and animals. It is spread by coughing and sneezing, so proper hygiene is essential to prevent the spread of the disease. Tuberculosis can be treated with antibiotics for cats and dogs, like amoxicillin liquid or tablets. 

A study was conducted using epidemiological and genotype evidence to establish human-to-cattle transmission, based on the first three documented transmission cases from humans to cattle in the United States since 1968, to advance the eradication of the disease. 

Influenza

Influenza, otherwise known as the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness. The flu spreads from person to person through tiny droplets of saliva that come out of the mouth. Even if your pet meets someone who was been exposed to people with influenza, it is possible that your pet could get sick too. It can cause fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, and body aches. Cefpodoxime Proxetil is a traditional pet medicine used to treat such symptoms.

Leptospirosis

The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are found in the urine of infected animals and people. They enter your dog or cat through the mucous membranes of their eyes, nose, mouth, or skin when they come in contact with contaminated water or soil. Azodyl for dogs, Clavamox for cats, or Benazepril are a few antibiotics for dogs and cats that can be used to treat the infected kidney or genitals and urinary tract of your pet.

Must Not Be Around Your Pets Until You Feel Better

You can't infect your pet by touching or kissing them, but if they lick or bite you and then lick their paws, they could pass on the virus. If you have a runny nose or cough, try not to touch your pet's face. This will help prevent them from getting sick. 

The key to protecting your pet from catching your illness is to practice good hygiene habits around them. The following are some tips for keeping your pets safe:

  • Wash hands before and after handling pets. And avoid touching eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.

  • Don't handle food for your pets if you've been sick. You can get your pet dog beds so you do not sleep together in the same bed.

  • Don't let animals lick your face or mouth. If a cat licks you and then self-cleans by licking herself, wash her thoroughly with cat shampoo.

  • Take care when feeding pets; never feed them from your plates. Let the pups have their dog bowls.

  • Wash your hands before and after handling food for your pet. You may also want to wear gloves when ill to avoid contamination. 

More Research Is Needed To Find A Cure

The problem we're facing is not just about zoonotic diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans, which we've been aware of for years. Zoonotic diseases can also be transmitted from humans to animals, which we have only recently begun exploring. The problem is global in scope and impact. The problem isn't new, nor will it be going away anytime soon, but by taking steps now, we can start making real progress towards controlling it.

Conclusion

The bottom line is that if you want to keep your pets healthy, you must understand the potential diseases they could get from humans. The key is to be aware of your health and hygiene habits around your pets so that you can keep them safe from illness. And if you have doubts, talk to your veterinarian.

Was this article helpful?

You May Also Like

Image for 10 Pet Diseases That Can Get Transmitted to Humans and Precautions That Can Keep You Safe
10 Pet Diseases That Can Get Transmitted to Humans and Precautions That Can Keep You Safe

List of pet health problems that can compromise human health. Learn how to treat and prevent these dangerous conditions.

Read More
Image for Arrhythmias In Dogs
Arrhythmias In Dogs

Is your dogโ€™s heart not working properly?

Read More