Alopecia X, And How To Save Your Furry Baby's Coat What To Do When Your Pet Loses His Fur?

Alopecia X, And How To Save Your Furry Baby's Coat

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Alopecia X is a rare form of fur loss condition in dogs. The exact cause of alopecia x is unknown, but mostly the condition is genetic and is not deadly. With certain pet medications, the condition may be treated, and the full fur coat of the dog may be regrown.

Alopecia X is a skin condition in which dogs lose their hair. It can be so mild that it's not even noticeable to the casual observer. It can also be severe, with large areas of missing fur on the dog's body. Most dogs with the disorder are healthy and happy, except for losing their fur. Sometimes they may have a secondary skin disorder that happens to cause itching.

What Is Alopecia X?

Alopecia X is a skin condition causing fur loss in dogs. This condition is not caused by parasites, allergies, or hormonal imbalances. Alopecia X is mostly an inherited disease. A study was conducted to research more about the involvement of genes in the condition, and  113 types of mitochondrial DNA were found to be effective gene mutations when studied in eight dogs. 

It generally affects certain breeds of dogs, including Pomeranian, Chow-Chow, and Poodles, more than others and mostly occurs between the age of 1-10 of age

Alopecia X can also be caused by different factors besides genetics, like stress, poor nutrition, and hormonal imbalances. It has also been associated with autoimmune diseases or infections.

General Symptoms

Alopecia X is characterized by fur loss and a skin rash, which can be accompanied by itching, dry skin, and swollen skin. These symptoms typically appear on the lower belly, legs, and elbows of dogs with Alopecia X. 

Mild Case Of Alopecia X

In certain situations, the fur loss is not severe, and your dog's coat is not noticeably different. You might see a bit of baldness on their belly or elbows, but otherwise, they look fine. Their energy level and appetite may be normal, as well as their bowel movements. Your vet will probably be able to find no other symptoms aside from their hair loss. 

Alopecia X Can Also Be Severe

Alopecia X can also be severe, with large areas of missing fur on the dog's body. This fur loss can be patchy or widespread and is usually symmetrical on both sides. The pattern of progressive loss may start as a single bald spot but then spread over time to other areas like the legs, belly, or anywhere else on your pup's body.

If you notice patches of fine hair loss that aren't growing back in after several months, or if your dog has no hair at all due to alopecia, you should call your veterinarian right away for an examination and diagnosis. Generally, vets prescribe Melatonin for dogs, but if the condition gets more serious, other treatments may be opted for. 

Most Dogs Lose Their Fur

They may be a little thinner than other dogs, but this is because there's less hair to weigh them down! Some owners have even said that their dog's personality changes after they lose all the fur. They become more playful and affectionate with their owners. 

Dogs May Have A Secondary Skin Disorder

While alopecia X is the most common cause of hair loss, other things can be wrong with your pet's coat. These skin issues can lead to itching, making your dog scratch and cause more damage. Common secondary skin conditions that cause itching include skin allergies. One common way to treat the same is by applying Animax ointment to help reduce the inflammation on the skin.

Some dogs have sensitive skin or allergies to certain foods, pollens, or molds in their environment. These allergens may trigger itchy skin even if they don't have alopecia X. Your veterinarian will run a series of tests to determine what might be causing the allergy and recommend treatment options for your dog, like Diphenhydramine for dogs or Prednisone for dogs. 

You may even get an over-the-counter dog shampoo from a pet pharmacy. But ensure to look for one made from plant extracts and avoid common ingredients like fragrance oils that could trigger an allergic reaction in dogs with already low immunity levels due to the underlying condition. 

How To Help Your Dog?

Generally, the condition goes away on its own over time. But sometimes, it can take months or even years for the fur to grow back completely. Meanwhile, you can do the following to help.

·   Try and keep your pup stress free, as it is a leading cause of the condition. You can use Adaptil to keep him calm and relaxed.

·   Ensure that his diet is full of nutrients. You can use a combination of a home-cooked meal with canned dog food like Zignature dog food that has meat first philosophy to ensure a nutritious diet for your fur baby.

·   You can also add things like Salmon oil for dogs to their meal which boosts skin and coat health.

·   You can even get him checked for hormonal imbalances. The vet may prescribe some pet medications to manage the imbalance.

·   Dogs with alopecia x still have thick skin underneath their fur, which helps protect them from the sun and other elements—so make sure you keep him hydrated by offering plenty of water throughout the day or even keeping some dog bowls outside. 

Further, research was conducted by the Research, Society, and Development, and surgical treatments followed by other medications and therapy were performed on seven dogs, and a positive resolution was observed within a period of 60 days. Such treatments can be very promising in curing the conditions in dogs in the future. 

Significant Impact On Your Dog's Quality Of Life

It's important to note that dogs with alopecia x are not more likely to get cancer than other dogs. But when they develop cancer, it's often more aggressive and can spread faster than in other dogs. The good news is that most dogs with alopecia x have a normal lifespan. 


If your dog is suffering from alopecia X or another fur loss disorder, remember that it's not life-threatening, and there are many things you can do to make them feel better. As always, with any medical condition, if your furry baby shows signs of something serious, get in touch with a vet!

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