The Spectacularly Spotted Dalmatian Dog Guide What Historians Have Uncovered About This Breed

Dalmatian dog photo
Large Breed Hip Dysplasia Skin Fragility Stones-Struvite, Oxalytes Dalmatian

Is the Dalmatian Right for You?

  • 1 Dalmatian dogs are known for their protective instincts and wary approach to strangers, making them a great guard dog.
  • 2 They are typically alert, strong, intelligent and energetic.
  • 3 Dalmatians tend to be friendly in nature and exhibit separation anxiety when left alone for too long.


A lot of controversy surrounds the origin story of the Dalmatian. Records of spotted dogs have been found throughout history, proving that the Dalmatian, or similar dogs, have been around for years, but the true origin remains a subject of dispute. Arguments have been posed for their area of origin being Yugoslavia, Croatia, Egypt, and many other places, but no definitive answer has been found. Throughout history this breed has been used as a guard dog, hunter, carriage dog, and many other jobs. Today they are best known as the firemanโ€™s assistant, but they are still quite versatile working dogs.

Quick Facts

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    11 and 16 years

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    Hair Length


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    Male Height

    27 inches

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    Male Weight


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    Female Height

    19 to 24 inches

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    Female Weight

    45-65 lbs

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    Litter Size

    7 to 9 puppies


The Dalmatian was bred to be a carriage dog, meaning that without human contact and a job to sap their boundless energy, this dog will get restless and develop a complex. It is important to make sure this dog has been properly socialized, otherwise they may become meek or aggressive. Dalmatians can be quite pleasant companions, but only for those who have the time, energy, and authoritative personality to properly socialize them. .


You may easily recognize the Dalmatian because of the characteristic spots on their coat. These spots are usually brown, black, or a lighter lemon color.

Health Concerns

Statistics reveal that 10 โ€“ 12% of all Dalmatians are born deaf. The average life expectancy of Dalmatians is 11 โ€“ 13 years. The breed is susceptible to health conditions like:


Dalmatians are large, athletically built working dogs. The head is fairly square in its proportions, with a medium length muzzle. They have a short coat that is covered in their trademark spots. Their ears hang down by the sides of their head and their eyes are set a medium distance apart.

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