The English Toy Spaniel, A Beloved Companion What Makes This Breed Unusual

English Toy Spaniel photo
Small Breed X-Small Breed Patella Luxation Heart Disease English Toy Spaniel

Is The English Toy Spaniel Right For You?

  • 1 The English Toy Spaniel is a friendly, high energy breed that makes a great family pet or lap dog.
  • 2 Also known as the King Charles Spaniel, This breed is very good with children.
  • 3 The English Toy Spaniel is among the quietest toy breeds and is suited for apartment living.


The English Toy Spaniel first came to be as the result of crossbreeding the first King Charles Spaniels with Pugs sometime in the 17th century. The product of this selective breeding was a smaller spaniel with a flatter face, rounder head, and more bulbous eyes. A principal breed amongst British royalty, the English Toy Spaniel was first recognized by the AKC in 1886.

Quick Facts

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    10-12 years

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    Hair Length


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    Male Height

    10 inches

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    Male Weight

    8-14 pounds for males

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    Female Height

    10 inches

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    Female Weight

    8-14 pounds for males

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    Litter Size

    1-3 puppies


This breed is tender, pleasant, playful, and affable. While they may seem almost reserved at times, they are good with children, assuming the kids know to not be rough with them. This dog loves to be around humans and makes for wonderful a companion. They play well with other dogs, but like with children, this only holds up if the other dogs are not aggressive toward them. The English Toy Spaniel has also earned a reputation as a picky eater. .


The English Toy Spaniel comes in four color varieties, each with their own name; the Blenheim is shiny white with rich, red patches; the Prince Charles is also white with ebony patches; the King Charles is a glossy black with mahogany tan markings; and lastly, the Ruby English Toy Spaniel is a dark, warm red, often with a white patch on their chest.

Health Concerns

Being a short-faced breed, the English Toy Spaniel has a tendency to wheeze and snore. This breed are prone to:


The English Toy Spaniel is a small but sturdy breed. They have big eyes and a lovable, mushed face that is framed by two droopy, feathered ears. Their tail naturally coils up, but is typically docked to about 2 inches. Their coat is generally straight, sometimes wavy, and always long.

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