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Cats are naturally inquisitive and that gets them into trouble multiple times. One of them is when they touch the bug they should never touch. Your cat is at risk from many kinds of insects. The variety and class of them depend on the climate in which you and your cat live. There is no point keeping the cat inside the house as bugs will get into your residence despite your best protective measures. Other than making the doors and windows the entry points, it may also get through wall cracks. If you have a dog, then both you and your dog could bring bugs like ticks into the house.
Bites and what to do after that
A few insects contain venom which could be transmitted via a sting or a bite. Others do not have venom but have enough chemical in them to lead to an allergic reaction. Different toxins function in different ways. They all, however, have a standard function: to deter mammals. A single sting is unlikely to kill your healthy cat but a swarm is a different matter. The cumulative result of ants could result in your cat getting emergency treatment. A few cats could be allergic to either the venom or bite of the insect. The range fo allergic swelling could vary from a small swelling at the bite site to anaphylaxis and hives. The former takes the form of a throat swelling, and the attacked cat has difficulty breathing. There are chances of vomiting, collapse, and diarrhea. If anaphylaxis happens, take the cat to an emergency as soon as possible.
Many ants bite but only a few biting ants have venom. The bite of the fire ant is not toxic but a painful one. The toxin is released after the bite. They grip the victim's skin and then inject Solenopsin, a toxic venom. They usually swarm if a cat disturbs their nest. Bees have mild venom melittin. They cause pain but are not of real concern. In case your cat is stung by numerous bees, then the kitty will be home to many stingers. The only way to ease the pain is to remove the cat's stinger. This will reduce pain.
An allergic reaction of a minor nature could be treated in an effective manner with Benadryl or diphenhydramine and cold compress. The quantity of Benadryl is 1 mg for every pound weight of the cat. The thumb rule for most cats is a quarter of half of a 25mg tablet. It is given orally. Do ask your veterinarian before you start giving your kitty medicines. The age of the cat influences the medication given. If the swelling continues, or your cat appears to be in pain or it is not behaving as it usually does, then take it to the veterinarian.