Pugs are one of the oldest dog breeds and have been around
since earlier than 400 B.C. Enthusiasts agree that they
probably originated in Asia, based on their similarities to the
Pekingese. Known as “a lot of dog in a small space,” the pug
should be squarely built with compact, muscular limbs and weigh
between 14 and 18 pounds. Usually, the males are slightly
larger and heavier than the females, but a pug of ideal weight
should show a waistline and you should be able to feel the
ribs, even if they are not easily visible.
Obese pugs need to lose their excess weight, and a
calorie-restricted diet works well for this purpose. If you
feed commercial dog food, the best food to purchase is one
intended for overweight dogs that comes in the form of
reduced-calorie kibble or canned food. Some dog food
manufacturers sell foods specially formulated for particular
breeds’ nutritional needs. Look for a food that contains meat
as the first listed ingredient. Avoid foods that contain meat
or poultry by-products, as these are often inferior quality
filler materials such as feathers and feet. Choose commercial
foods that contain fruit and vegetable carbohydrates instead of
corn or grains, which can aggravate joint problems.
Preparation of home-cooked food for your pug can ensure the
dog’s diet contains the right sort of quality protein and a
variety of fruit and vegetables. The best homemade dog food
should contain approximately 50 percent meat, poultry, or fish
protein, such as lean muscle meat, skinless chicken or turkey,
or oily fish such as salmon. Add 30 percent complex
carbohydrates such as sweet potato, brown rice, barley, or
quinoa, and the remaining 20 percent fruit and vegetables.
Suitable items include pumpkin, green beans, carrots, apples,
bananas, and pears. Cook all the items together in a large pot
with sufficient water to cook any rice. Avoid using excess
water that must be thrown away, as this discards important
Whatever type of food you offer, your obese pug is accustomed
to eating a certain quantity every day. Even if you introduce a
low-calorie diet, reducing feeding quantities will help to
fast-track the dog’s weight loss. Measure your dog’s regular
meal portion and weigh it, then reduce each meal by one-third,
which should include all treats, snacks, and leftovers. This
will lower the dog’s daily intake by the same amount, and after
two weeks, weigh your pug to see if the weight has come down.
If not, reduce again by one-third for another two-week period.
Check that nobody in the household is offering the dog snacks,
and increase your dog’s level of activity with an extra walk
per day to burn off excess calories.
Pug Health Risks
With their solid body bulk, pugs carry a proportionately large
amount of bodyweight on their joints. This makes them prone to
joint problems including arthritis, and their brachycephalic
faces with flat snouts cause a tendency toward respiratory
difficulties. Overweight and obese pugs have an increased risk
of heart disease, hyperthermia or heat stroke, and general
difficulty remaining fit and healthy. For these reasons, it is
important to maintain the best food diet for an obese dog. Keep
your pug on high quality, low-fat diet and add plenty of daily
exercises and the dog is likely
to recover a trim waistline.
Pug Health Problems
The pug is a small dog with a wrinkled face, barrel chest, and
short legs which is beloved by many around the world. In fact,
the pug is one of the world's most distinctive dogs. The dog
has Chinese origins with many speculating that early Pugs were
the ancestors of the modern Pekingese. There's a lot to love
about pugs. However, like other bred dogs, they're predisposed
to certain illnesses. Let's take a look at some of them.
– Pugs with a reduced skull length are prone to
Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome (BAOS). A pug that
gasps for air and struggles to breathe after exercise may be
prone to BAOS. You can protect your pug from BAOS by keeping
him/her cool when the weather is hot, staying away from too
much exercise, and keeping your pug close to the ideal weight
- Part of the pug’s charm is its bulging eyes.
However, these eyes do come at a cost to the pug. The eyes of
a pug may develop eye issues that result in chronic pain as
well as irritation. The large eyes of pugs mean that extra
care must be taken as they may damage their eyes by running
– Pugs are also prone to canine hip dysplasia.
Hip dysplasia occurs when there is an abnormal development of
the hip joint. Symptoms of hip dysplasia are bunny hopping
and limping. Unfortunately, hip dysplasia can only be
corrected with surgery or medical therapy.
– Seizures are another potential health issue
that pugs sometimes deal with. Seizures are normally a
symptom of Epilepsy. Regular vet check-ups and medication can
treat epilepsy. In addition to epilepsy, young to middle-aged
pugs are prone to PDE (Pug Dog Encephalitis). One of the main
symptoms of PDE is seizures.
Obesity – Pugs
have a natural tendency to live a sedentary lifestyle.
Unfortunately, a sedentary lifestyle puts the majority of
pugs at risk of developing obesity. Fortunately, a balanced
and healthy diet combined with a regular dose of exercise is
more than enough to keep your pug happily puttering through
– Itchy skin caused by allergies is another issue
that pugs have to deal with. The wrinkled folds of a pug's
skin have the potential to trap moisture and dirt, which is
quite inviting for bacteria to spread. Regular trips to the
vet are the best way of making sure that your pug doesn't
have to deal with itchy skin.
Most bred dogs have health problems due to inbreeding and so
on. However, a balanced diet, regular exercise, and regular
trips to the vet will do a lot of good in preventing many
common health problems. Regular attention is the key to making
sure your best friend lives a long and healthy life.
References & Resources
More on Pugs