Cats are susceptible to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a particular type of cancer. The squamous cells that make up the skin's outer layer give rise to this cancerous tumor. We discuss this condition in detail here.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a type of cancer that affects cats. The squamous cells that make up the skin's outer layer give birth to this cancerous tumor. SCC, one of the most prevalent forms of cancer in cats, can develop anywhere on the body, although it most frequently affects the eyelids, nose, and ears. If not promptly treated, this cancer is aggressive and can swiftly spread to other body areas.
The causes, signs, and potential treatments for squamous cell carcinoma in cats will be covered in this article. We'll also provide you advice on how to keep your feline friend from getting this disease and how to spot it when it does.
What Causes Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Cats?
Although the precise cause of SCC in cats is unknown, there are a number of established risk factors that may aid in the growth of this form of cancer, including sun exposure, exposure to specific chemicals or toxins, and certain viral infections. Additionally, certain breeds of cats, such as Siamese and white cats, may be at a higher risk for developing SCC due to their light-colored skin and fur.
How To Identify Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Cats
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in cats can be difficult to identify, as the signs and symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor. However, some common signs of SCC in cats include:
Lesions or sores on the skin that do not heal or that keep coming back
Thickened, scaly, or crusty patches of skin
Lumps or masses on the skin that may be red, pink, or dark in color
Ulcerated or bleeding sores
Hair loss or abnormal hair growth in the affected area
Take your cat to the doctor right away for a complete examination and a potential biopsy if you see any of these symptoms on its skin.
It is also crucial to remember that SCC in cats can develop anywhere on the body. However, it tends to manifest more frequently on the ears, nose, and eyelids because of their exposure to UV light.
The size, location, and stage of the tumor, as well as the cat's general health, will all affect the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treatment options. Some common treatment options for SCC in cats include:
Surgery: Surgery is oftentimes the primary solution for SCC in cats. Surgery is intended to eliminate the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue around it in order to guarantee that all cancerous cells have been eliminated.
Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells, radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation beams. To eliminate any cancer cells that may still exist after surgery, this therapy method may be employed alone or in conjunction with surgery.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy employs drugs to eradicate cancer cells. After surgery or radiation therapy, this treatment option can be utilized alone or in conjunction with those therapies to eradicate any cancer cells that may have persisted.
Cryosurgery: Cryosurgery uses extreme cold to freeze and kill cancer cells. It can be a good option for small tumors or those located in hard-to-reach areas
Topical therapy: Topical therapy uses creams or ointments that contain chemotherapy drugs to treat SCC in cats. This treatment option is typically used for small, superficial tumors that are located on the surface of the skin.
Inflammation, pain, and cancer medications: Medications such as dexamethasone, gabapentin, and prednisolone can be used to treat inflammation and pain symptoms. Other medications for cat’s skin can also be prescribed by the veterinarian as the specific case might be.
How to Prevent Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Cats
Preventing SCC in cats can be challenging, as the exact cause of this type of cancer is not well understood. However, there are some steps that you can take to help reduce your cat's risk of developing SCC, including:
Additionally, remember that early detection is crucial, so pay attention to any changes in your cat's skin and contact a doctor if you see any anomalies.