Reovirus Infection in Cats: A Detailed Overview Understanding Reovirus Infection in Cats

Reovirus Infection in Cats: A Detailed Overview

Cats often suffer from the widely spread reovirus. However, in this article, we will look into how the condition can be identified and treated.

Reovirus infection is a contagious viral disease affecting many animal species, including cats. Cats can catch the virus either directly from sick animals or their waste or indirectly from polluted settings. The symptoms of reovirus infection in cats might include vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and respiratory distress. With the right care, some cats may recover from the illness, while others may experience more serious problems like dehydration and organ failure. 

The causes, signs, diagnosis, and current treatments for this feline lung infection will all be covered in this article, along with precautions cat owners can take to stop the disease from spreading.


A family of viruses called Reoviridae is what causes reovirus infection in cats. Reovirus comes in a variety of types, each of which can give cats a range of symptoms. Here are a few of the usual causes of reovirus infection in cats:

  • Direct contact with infected animals: Direct contact with an infected animal can cause the reovirus to spread from one cat to another. This can happen when people share food or water bowls, groom one another, or engage in sexual activity.

  • Fecal-oral transmission: The virus can also be transmitted by coming into touch with contaminated feces or settings, such as litter boxes or outdoor cat waste places.

  • Stress: Cats who are under a lot of stress or who have weakened immune systems may be more vulnerable to reovirus infection.

  • Breed: Some cat breeds, such as Siamese and Bengal cats, may have a higher likelihood of getting reovirus infections compared to other breeds.

  • Age: Older cats and young kittens are more likely to experience severe reovirus infection symptoms.

Reovirus Symptoms in Cats

Reovirus-infected cats may exhibit a range of symptoms, from minor to serious. The cat's age, general health, and immune system can all have an impact on how severe the symptoms are. Some of the common symptoms of reovirus infection in cats symptoms are listed below:

  • Diarrhea: One of the most typical signs of reovirus infection in cats is diarrhea. It's possible for diarrhea to be watery and smell bad.

  • Vomiting: Cats infected with the reovirus may vomit regularly and may also have appetite loss.

  • Respiratory discomfort: Cats with a severe reovirus infection may experience respiratory distress, including coughing and breathing difficulties.

  • Fever: Cats with the infection may experience a fever, which may be followed by lethargy and a decline in activity.

  • Dehydration: Diarrhea and vomiting can result in dehydration, which can cause weakness, tiredness, and a loss of skin suppleness.

  • Neurological symptoms: In rare situations, reovirus infection in cats can produce neurological symptoms such as seizures, tremors, and incoordination.


Physical examinations and lab tests are frequently used to diagnose cat chest congestion and feline reovirus infection. Some of the most typical diagnostic procedures used by veterinarians to identify feline reovirus infection include the following:

  • Physical examination: A veterinarian will do a complete physical examination of the cat to look for any obvious signs, such as respiratory distress, vomiting, or diarrhea.

  • Fecal sample analysis: Reovirus can be detected in a cat's feces through laboratory analysis of a stool sample. This test can assist establish whether the virus is present in the cat's body.

  • Blood tests: A complete blood count (CBC) and blood chemistry panel can help identify any abnormalities in the cat's blood, such as dehydration or organ dysfunction.

  • Imaging tests: In severe cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or ultrasounds may be necessary to evaluate the cat's internal organs for any damage or abnormalities.

Treatment and Management Options

Reovirus infection in cats does not have a particular treatment; instead, supportive care is often provided to help the cat manage its symptoms and avoid further problems. The following are some typical cat sinus infection treatment techniques:

  • Fluid therapy: Infected cats may become dehydrated from diarrhea and vomiting and may require intravenous fluids to restore hydration and electrolyte balance.

  • Anti-diarrheal drugs: Loperamide and Pectillin are two drugs that can be used to treat diarrhea in sick cats.

  • Nutritional support: To boost their immune systems and encourage healing, infected cats may need a specific diet or nutritional supplements.

  • Antibiotics: Due to a compromised immune system, antibiotics may occasionally be administered to treat any secondary bacterial infections that may develop.

  • Isolation: To stop the virus from spreading, infected cats should be kept apart from healthy ones.

  • Environmental cleaning: The virus can persist in the environment for a while, so it's crucial to completely wash and sanitize any areas touched by sick cats, such as litter boxes and bedding.

Preventive Tips

Preventing chest infection in cats involves taking several precautions to minimize the possibility of exposure to the virus. The following are some of the most effective preventive tips for reovirus infection in cats:

  • Vaccination: Talk to your veterinarian about vaccinating your cat against reovirus. Vaccination is the best way to prevent infection and reduce the risk of severe symptoms.

  • Frequent veterinary check-ups: Routine check-ups with a vet can help detect any health problems early on and prevent the development of severe symptoms.

  • Hygiene: Practicing good hygiene, such as properly washing your hands before and after touching your cat, will help stop the virus from spreading.

  • Litter box hygiene: To lessen the chance of contracting the virus through feces, keep your cat's litter box clean and well-maintained.

  • Quarantine new cats: If you are bringing a new cat into your home, quarantine them for a few weeks to verify they are healthy and not carriers of the virus.

  • Avoid contact with infected cats: To prevent the transmission of the virus, avoid contact with cats known to be infected with reovirus.

By following these preventive tips, you can reduce the risk of your cat developing reovirus infection and prevent the spread of the virus to other cats.

Was this article helpful?