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Pyometra is a serious health issue in cats. This condition is aggressive, progressive and fatal as well. If not diagnosed and treated early, Pyometra can lead to death in cats.What is Pyometra?
Pyometra happens after a cat has gone through its 'heat' cycle without getting pregnant. The uterus lining of the cat thickens up in preparation for pregnancy during the mating season. If fertilization does not take place, the linings continue to thicken anyway, leading to the formation of cysts. Eventually, these cysts burst and pus oozes out, filling in the uterus. This leads to a lot of bacterial and fungal infections, which if not treated can lead to fatal results.In general, the ovulation cycle if not fulfilled a few times, will not cause any serious damage. However, repeated ovulation without pregnancies leads to a lot of hormonal imbalance in the cat's body. Needless to say, this condition is more commonly seen in older cats who have gone through their regular ovulation cycles without getting pregnant. During this time the functioning of the White Blood cells is inhibited so that the bacteria cannot be fought against by the cat's immune system.Signs of Pyometra:
To understand Pyometra, you must first know that there are two types of it: Open and Closed.If your cat has Open Pyometra, it means that the cervix is open. As a result there will be vaginal discharges and pus. The discharge will have a bad odor due to bacterial infection. Please remember that vaginal discharges are a serious issue that you must consult your vet about, even if your cat has had an otherwise normal ovulation-pregnancy cycle.In cases of Closed Pyometra, the cervix is closed. This leads to the pus and discharges getting collected inside the uterus. As a result, the abdomen will noticeably enlarge, and your cat will be in constant pain. Naturally, this is much more dangerous than Open Pyometra. However, in no way does this mean that you can ignore seeking medical aid for Open Pyometra as that too will lead to death eventually.Other signs can include frequent vomiting, inactivity, dehydration, fever, and poor appetite as well. As these signs can be vague and can be the symptoms of a number of other diseases, it is important that you keep track of your cat's ovulation cycles.If you have a fully adult cat that has not got pregnant for a very long time, then you should be more vigilant about these signs.Note:
Even Spayed cats are known to develop Pyometra. Although rare, faulty spaying can result in ovarian tissue left behind, thereby keeping your cat exposed to chances of infection. Make sure that you seek the services of only reputed professionals to spay your cat.