Cat Warts: Types, Causes, and Treatment What Are The Types of Warts In Cats, and How Can You Treat Them?

BY | March 16 | COMMENTS PUBLISHED BY
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Cat warts are a common cutaneous ailment that affects cats of all ages. In this article, we discuss this skin condition further.

Cat warts, also known as feline viral papillomas, is a common skin condition that affects cats of all ages. These small, benign growths can appear on various parts of a cat's body, including the face, lips, and feet, and can cause discomfort and irritation for our feline companions. While cat warts are typically not a serious health issue, if left untreated, they can be unpleasant and can cause secondary illnesses.

In this article, we will explore everything you should know about cat warts, from their underlying causes to the most effective ways to prevent and treat them.

Types

There are two main types of warts on cats, known as cutaneous and oral papillomas.

Cutaneous papillomatosis in cats is the most known type and appears as small, raised, and wart-like growths on the skin, usually on the head, face, or neck. They can occur in cats of all ages but are more common in young cats under the age of 2.

On the other hand, oral papillomas show up as tiny, cauliflower-like growths in the mouth and throat. These can impede a cat's ability to eat, drink, or groom itself and can be found on the tongue, gums, and tonsils. Cauliflower warts on cats are more common in older cats and are brought on by a different strain of the papillomavirus than cutaneous papillomas.

Can Cats Get Warts?

Yes, they can. The feline papillomavirus, a highly contagious virus distributed by direct contact with an infected cat or contaminated surfaces, is the primary cause of cat warts. Cuts or abrasions in the skin or mucous membranes are entry points for the virus, which can then enter the body and infect the cells.

Factors that can increase the risk of infection include:

  • Age: Older cats are less likely to get cat warts than kittens under the age of two.

  • The health of the immune system: Cats who have compromised immune systems are more susceptible to viral illnesses, such as cat warts.

  • Contact with diseased cats: Direct touch with an infected cat or contaminated surfaces can increase the chance of acquiring cat warts.

  • Inadequate hygiene: Negligent hygiene habits, such as failing to clean food containers or litter boxes, might raise the risk of viral infections.

  • Stress: Cats are more prone to viral infections when the immune system is compromised.

Symptoms

The symptoms of cat warts can vary based on the location of the growths and the gravity of the infection. Here are some common symptoms to look out for:

  • Wart-like, tiny, elevated growths in the mouth or on the skin

  • Discomfort or irritability, especially while handling or touching the warts

  • Having trouble eating or drinking (in cases of oral papillomas)

  • Excessive drooling or mouth-pawing (in cases of oral papillomas)

  • Around the afflicted area, secondary infections or inflammation may occur.

  • Changes in behavior or mood, particularly if the warts are causing discomfort or pain.

Treatment Options

Cat warts frequently disappear on their own without the need for treatment. However, there are a number of treatment options available if the growths are uncomfortable or are in danger of contracting an infection. These are a few typical methods for treating cat warts:

  • Surgical removal: In cases where the warts are causing significant discomfort (for instance - wart on cat paws)or are at risk of becoming infected, surgical removal may be necessary. This is standardly done under anesthesia, and the warts are excised using a scalpel or laser.

  • Cryotherapy: Warts are frozen using liquid nitrogen during cryotherapy, resulting in their blistering and eventual removal. The veterinarian's clinic can do this less intrusive operation.

  • Immune system support: Supporting the cat's immune system through a healthy diet and supplements can help speed up the healing process and prevent the recurrence of warts.

  • Topical treatments: Cat warts can be made smaller and less irritable with the use of a number of topical medications. These may include antiviral creams, salicylic acid, or other medications prescribed by a veterinarian.

Prevention Tips

To keep our feline friends healthy and comfortable, cat warts must be stopped from spreading. Here are some recommendations to help stop cat warts from spreading:

  • Regular veterinary check-ups: Regular check-ups can help identify any potential health issues, including the presence of cat warts, before they become a more serious concern.

  • Good hygiene: Maintaining good hygiene practices, such as washing your hands before and after touching your cat, can help prevent viral diseases from spreading.

  • Isolate infected cats: If your cat has been diagnosed with cat warts, you must isolate them from other cats to prevent the spread of infection.

  • Vaccination: A vaccine is available for feline papillomavirus, which can help totally minimize the risk of developing cat warts.

  • Boost the immune system: Supporting your cat's immune system through a healthy diet and supplements can help minimize the possibility of developing viral infections.

We can help prevent cat warts and other viral illnesses in our cats by using these preventative steps. However, ensure that your cat receives the proper care and treatment by consulting with your veterinarian if you observe any strange growths or changes in its behavior or health.

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