Image source: Pixabay.com
Most feline facial swelling occurs due to the formation of abscesses. These are pus-filled infection areas causing rapid swelling. If abscesses are found on a cat's face, then they could be the consequence of infected teeth or fight wounds. A rare cause is oral cavity trauma. The latter happens if a cat mistakenly chews on any sharp object. In most cases, the abscess will be due to a fight between cats. The abscesses are found in the absence of visible skin wounds as the teeth of cats are like needles and thin.
Cause an identification
Abscesses happen when a cat gets injured after a fight and the skin grows over the wound. The bacteria which gets introduced by a scratch or bite gets trapped below the skin. The warm environment present underneath the skin fosters the growth of bacteria. The body attempts to fight the invaders off by sending white blood cells. The problem is since everything gets trapped below the skin, the pocket only gets bigger and spreads below the skin. For the cat, this could be extremely painful.
An abscess can be identified by the presence of a painful and soft skin which when touched feels warm. The puncture wound may not be visually identified. This is truer if the cat is fluffy. This makes a good reason for you to examine your kitty every week for bumps or lumps. Keep your eyes open for anything which was not there before.
The abscess could be located anywhere on the body of the cat. Most incidences are found in and near the mouth region due to infections of the tooth. The abscesses which occur due to cat fights are frequently found on the shoulders, head, neck, and the face. For cats which run away from the fight, abscesses could be found on the tail and rump area. The legs and the back could also be the sites for abscesses.
Abscesses must be drained to heal them. The cat in question needs antibiotic therapy too. Acute facial swelling in a cat could also happen due to under-skin bleeding, insect bites, and tumors. In rare cases, the cause could be the non-clotting of blood or a secondary effect of trauma. A trip to the veterinarian is a must if your cat face swells beyond the normal size.
Antibiotics are essential to treating cat abscesses. It is hard work and involves more than giving a few pills to the cat. The veterinarian will first do a minute surgery to open the infection pocket and then use a cleaning solution to flush it out. The doctor may recommend pain relievers, topical medications, and anti-inflammatories to cure the condition. A drain is a necessary procedure for complete healing.