Benign Gum Growth (Epulis) in Dogs What To Know About Epulis In Dogs and How To Overcome It

Benign Gum Growth (Epulis) in Dogs

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Epulis is a type of growth that occurs on the gums of dogs. Although they are usually unproblematic, if they are not treated, they might cause discomfort and other problems. Learn more about this condition in this article.

Dogs, just like humans, can develop a variety of health issues throughout their lives. One of the more common issues that dog owners may encounter is benign gum growth, also known as epulides. These growths can develop on a dog's gums, and although they are usually not harmful, if they are not treated, they can cause irritation and other problems.

The definition of benign gum growths, their causes, how to see them, and what to do if you think your pet could have one are all covered in this article.


There are a number of factors that have been connected to the development of benign gum growth in dogs, while the specific cause is not totally known. The connective tissue that holds the tooth to the jawbone, the periodontal ligament, is assumed to be the source of these growths due to aberrant cellular growth. Some of the potential causes of dog gum growth over teeth include:

  • Genetics: Compared to other dog breeds, some have a higher risk of having benign gum growth. Breeds like boxers, cocker spaniels, and dachshunds, for instance, are more susceptible.

  • Age: Older dogs, usually those over the age of six, are more likely to develop benign gum growths.

  • Deficient dental care: Dogs that have plaque and tartar accumulation on their teeth are more prone to get benign gum growths.

  • Trauma: Trauma to the gums, such as from chewing on hard objects, can cause dog gums growing over teeth.

  • Hormonal imbalances: Changes in hormone levels, such as those that occur during pregnancy or puberty, can also be a contributing factor.

Symptoms of Epulis In Dogs

The location and size of the growths can affect the symptoms of benign gum growth in dogs. The growths can cause discomfort and other problems in some situations, while in others, dogs may not exhibit any symptoms at all. The following are some typical signs of canine benign gum growths:

  • One of the most evident indicators of benign gum growth is a significant swelling or lump on the gums or within the mouth.

  • Bleeding: When a dog chews on food or toys or has benign gum growth, bleeding might occur.

  • Bad breath: An epulis dog may develop bad breath, which is caused by the buildup of bacteria in the mouth.

  • Difficulty In Eating: Dogs with significant gum growths may have trouble eating or may exhibit a diminished appetite.

  • Dental mobility: Benign gum growths can occasionally make teeth loose or shaky.

  • Pain: When the affected area is handled, or while they feed, dogs may exhibit signs of pain or discomfort, such as whimpering or yelping.


It's crucial to send your dog to a veterinarian for a precise diagnosis if you believe that they have benign gum growth. To ascertain the precise nature of the tumor, your veterinarian will do a comprehensive physical examination, which may involve obtaining X-rays or performing a biopsy.

Your veterinarian will evaluate the damaged region during the physical examination and could take a sample of the tissue to look at under a microscope. A biopsy is what is done to determine if a tumor is malignant or benign. To establish whether the tumor has progressed to the underlying bone, your veterinarian may also conduct X-rays.

Your veterinarian will go over the many treatment choices that are open to you and your dog if the growth is found to be benign. It could be advised to have the growth surgically removed if it is uncomfortable or creating other problems.

To control the growth and stop more growth from forming, your dog may need medication, dietary adjustments, or changes to their oral hygiene routine.

Treatment Options

The treatment options for dog gums growing over teeth can vary depending on the size, location, and severity of the growth. Sometimes there may be no need for treatment, particularly if the growth is minor and not causing any pain or problems. Nonetheless, surgical removal may be advised if the growth is big or causes pain.

Here are some of the most common treatment options for dog knots in mouth:

  • Surgical removal: Surgical removal is the most typical treatment for benign gum development in dogs. The growth and any potentially damaged surrounding tissue are removed during this treatment, which is normally carried out under a general anesthetic. If the growth is linked to the tooth, it may occasionally be necessary to remove the tooth as well.

  • Medication: In some circumstances, your veterinarian can suggest medication to assist in managing the growth or any pain or discomfort connected with it. This might involve using painkillers, antibiotics, or anti-inflammatory medications.

  • Changes to diet and dental hygiene: To stop future growth from occurring, your veterinarian may also suggest dietary and oral hygiene adjustments for your dog. This may include switching to a soft diet or using special dental products to prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar.

  • Radiation therapy: Radiation treatment may be suggested in some situations to treat bigger or more aggressive benign gum growths. To target and reduce growth, high-energy radiation is used.

Can You Prevent Epulis In Dogs?

It may not always be possible to prevent epulis in dogs, but there are several steps you can take to help reduce the risk of your dog developing these benign gum growths:

  • Regular dental care: Maintaining your dog's oral health through good dental hygiene is essential because it can help stop plaque and tartar buildup, which can eventually lead to epulis. Be sure to frequently brush your dog's teeth, give them dental chews or toys, and arrange for your dog to have regular professional cleanings with your veterinarian.

  • Monitor your dog's mouth: Regularly inspecting your dog's mouth can help you detect any changes or growths early on, which can help to prevent them from becoming larger or causing more issues.

  • Early veterinary care: If you notice any changes or growth in your dog's mouth, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Early treatment can aid in preventing the growths from becoming bigger and becoming more challenging to manage.

  • Balanced diet: Feeding your dog a balanced diet can help to support their overall health and may help to prevent the development of epulis.

  • Regular veterinary check-ups: Frequent veterinary examinations can aid in the early detection of any potential health problems and enable timely treatment, which can aid in preventing the emergence of more serious problems.

While taking these precautions won't assure that your dog never contracts epulis, they can help to lower the risk and keep your dog healthy and content.

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