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Diarrhea is a prevalent problem in most of the dog breeds. It can lead to dehydration which can turn quite serious. If you are a pet owner, you need to know how to treat cases of diarrhea in your dog. Let us look into some of the most common causes of diarrhea and how to treat them.What causes it?
The most common causes of diarrhea are intestinal parasites (hookworms, roundworms, Giardia), bacterial overgrowth or infections, inflammatory diseases (allergies or diet intolerances), and dietary indiscretion (abrupt diet changes and garbage ingestion).Diarrhea can also be a side effect of certain pet medications, including NSAIDs, antibiotics and heart medications. A lot of dogs tend to have episodes of diarrhea when they are stressed out or when their diet is altered.How is it diagnosed?
Identifying the exact cause of diarrhea tends to vary in difficulty. To diagnose the cause of prolonged or severe diarrhea, your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam and take a detailed history. In some cases, they will also need the results of blood work, fecal examinations, urinalysis, abdominal ultrasounds, X-rays, specialized lab tests and endoscopy or exploratory surgery with tissue biopsies. In a lot of the cases, the cause is something as simple as your dog eating something undesirable from the trash. Whatever the cause is, it is important that you treat it accordingly.How to treat it?
As mentioned above, the treatment for diarrhea depends on the cause. So, you need to consult the vet if you notice an issue with the health of your pet. If some underlying condition is causing the diarrhea, your vet will take steps to control that, while prescribing the most effective form of treatment to control the symptoms. This might include using anti-diarrhea medication
containing pectin and kaoilin.Most of the diseases that cause diarrhea can be diagnosed and treated easily. However, there are certain disorders that are not instantly curable and have to be managed with medication and dietary modification.Diet plays a very important role in managing cases of chronic diarrhea in dogs. For instance, symptoms of allergy or food intolerance might resolve completely if you put your dog on a novel protein or a hypoallergenic diet
. You need to talk to your vet to figure out which food is best for your dog. He/she might prescribe medication to alleviate the nausea, excess production of gastric acids or inflammation of the G.I. tract.When should you visit the vet?
If the diarrhea lasts for more than a day, it is an indicator of something more serious than a simple stomach bug. If you leave it unchecked, it could lead to dehydration. If the stool of your pet is dark, bloody or tarry, or if he seems to have lost his appetite and is vomiting as well, do not wait a whole day. In such cases, you must visit the vet as soon as possible.