Toxic Effects of Nicotine in Dogs


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It is possible for dogs to be poisoned by nicotine. Tobacco and any product which includes tobacco as an ingredient will invariably contain nicotine. This includes products created to de-addict smokers. Most nicotine-based products are familiar ones like cigarettes, pipe, chewing tobacco, cigars, nicotine nasal spray, nicotine gum, and nicotine patches. Pure nicotine has no odor. However, if you keep it out in the open, then the familiar smell of tobacco wafts out. Tobacco comes from a plant, and it is classified as a poisonous alkaloid.

Medicine and toxicity

Flowering tobacco or nicotine finds pride of place in ornamental gardens. It is seen in multiple color variations and is considered as a member of the Nightshade family. Nicotine was considered a medicine until the beginning of the 17th century.

The use of nicotine goes far beyond its well-known inhale vapor form. Gardeners have used it for many years as a fumigant and commercial pesticide. When powdered nicotine is put on a controlled fire in a can, the smoke is toxic to everything in the immediate environment. A greenhouse which uses this method must keep its doors and windows tightly sealed so that the nicotine gas does not escape.

The toxicity of nicotine depends upon the dog weight and the amount of nicotine it ate. The plant is toxic from five milligrams per pound weight of your dog. It means a small dog would die if it eats four cigarettes. The residue of nicotine in a finished cigarette could cause considerable harm to your dog if it ingests the butt. Canines can be attracted to chewing tobacco and nicotine gum as the supplements used to make the product include sugar, honey, molasses, and syrups. The quantity of nicotine depends on the product and its size. Butt of a typical cigarette may contain anywhere from four to eight milligrams of nicotine. A full cigarette contains any quantity of nicotine ranging from 15 milligrams to 25 milligrams. Cigars contain much more nicotine, with some brands touching 40 milligrams in a single stick. Snuff contains anywhere between 85 mg to 121 mg per quarter ounce. A nicotine gum piece has two to four milligrams and a standard nicotine patch any amount between eight and 114 mg in a single patch.

Symptoms and treatment Tobacco-linked toxic signs are seen within an hour after the dog has ingested nicotine. The quantity of ingested nicotine leads to either difficulty breathing or hyperactivity or lack of coordination. The dog will stumble and vomit. It may have weakness and suffer seizures. It will be lethargic and suffer from diarrhea. Take the dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible. The medical specialist will induce the dog to vomit. You could give the dog active charcoal to prevent it from absorbing nicotine in higher amounts.

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