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Cats are equally prone to blood diseases and complications as their human counterparts. Blood related deficiencies in cats can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Some common symptoms include persistent fever, lethargy, nose bleeding, increased heart rate and jaundice. Blood diseases mainly arise due to major function loss of one or more of the main blood cells. Most cat owners don’t know what these symptoms mean and how dangerous blood diseases can be. Here are two of the most common types of blood diseases in cats that you should be aware of.
- PancytopeniaPancytopenia is a collection of blood-related deficiencies like leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and non-regenerative anemia. Infectious diseases like hepatitis and exposure to poisonous elements can cause pancytopenia. It can also arise due to bone marrow cancer and bone marrow deficiencies. A low white blood cell (WBC) count is the major consequences of this disease but it can also lead to low red blood cell (RBC) count. Low platelet count is also a result of pancytopenia. This disease can lead to major complications including coma and must be treated immediately. Sometimes, it is hard to tell from the symptoms what kind of disease your cat might be suffering from. That is why it is important to take him/her to a vet if you see any type of physical discomfort in your cat.
- AnemiaAnemia is caused by a severe drop in RBCs in the body. RBCs carry hemoglobin and are responsible for delivering oxygen to different parts of the body. Anemia results in tiredness, fatigue and decreased appetite. Anemia can also to blood cancer and can cause different bacterial infections to thrive inside the cat’s body. Cats who are anemic have difficulty producing sufficient number of RBCs in their body. Anemia can be diagnosed via simple blood tests. The blood disease is highly life-threatening and often causes death in the organism. The best treatment option includes blood transfusion.
Blood diseases affects cats in the same way as it does to humans. Two of the most common types of blood diseases in cats are pancytopenia and anemia. While pancytopenia is a collection of different conditions, anemia is a singular disease. Both conditions result in the loss of major blood cells in the body. The deficiency of blood cells leads to contraction of diseases which causes damage to the normal functioning of the body. Signs and symptoms of blood diseases include lethargy, nose bleed, fatigue and persistent fever. There are treatment options available for blood diseases with the best one being a blood transfusion. Since it is difficult to connect the symptoms with the disease, you should take your cat to the vet if you see any physical discomfort in your cat.