Image Credits: Pixabay
Someone, who has
never heard of the term short nose dog before, would assume that these are dogs
with some sort of rare canine disease. However, these are very common and
beloved dog breeds, pets to numerous households across the world. Here is all
you need to know about these adorable creatures
are short nose dog breeds?
termed as Brachycephalic Dogs, these
are canine breeds having extremely shortened snouts. Pugs, Boxers, Bulldogs,
Shih Tzus are some of the most popular breeds of Brachycephalic Dogs. This term
can also be used to describe mixed breeds, which have inherited this feature
from their short nosed ancestors. The differentiating factor of brachycephalic
dogs from breeds that simply have smaller snouts is that their extremely short
snouts, makes them look like they are completely flat-faced.
to short nose dog breeds
Having extremely short snouts puts these breeds at a high risk of
developing a disorder termed brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS).
The different afflictions commonly observed in BOAS are:
A hypoplastic trachea – In this case, the trachea or windpipe of the
animal, is of a smaller diameter than normal, restricting the quantity of air
that can pass through the trachea at any given point of time, which also
restricts the proper functioning of the respiratory system of the animal.
Stenotic Nares – In this condition, the nostrils of the animal are very
narrow and small, which again restricts the amount of air that reaches the
respiratory system of the animal.
Elongated Soft Palate – The soft tissues located on the roof of the
mouth, is termed as the soft palate. In this case, the soft palate is too long
for the length of the mouth, blocking the windpipe and restricting the passage
of air in the windpipe.
Everted laryngeal saccules – Laryngeal saccules are small sacs located in
the larynx of canines. In canine suffering from BOAS, these sacs can restrict
airflow by turning outwards from the larynx, or being sucked into the airway
owing to the extra effort put in by the animal to respire. This extra
respiratory effort is a result of the animal trying to move air past their
Everted laryngeal saccules or Elongated Soft Palate.
Canine suffering from BOAS can be suffering from one or more of the
Care for brachycephalic dogs
A brachycephalic dog should never take part in vigorous exercise, which can lead to aggravation of its existing symptoms. It is very important to keep them out of the heat, as they are susceptible to heat exhaustion and stroke, which can lead to collapse. It is important to follow a well-balanced diet in order to avoid obesity.