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Nosebleeds in cats are scientifically known as epistaxis. It is described as a kind of acute hemorrhage or bleeding from the feline's nostril, nasopharynx, or the nasal cavity. As an owner, a nosebleed event could be unsettling. A majority of sudden or acute nosebleeds happen due to infections in the upper respiratory tract or due to simple trauma. There could be other causes too. If it is the latter, take your cat to the veterinarian immediately.
What to do in case of epistaxis?
If you see your cat suffering from nosebleeds, you should
first apply first aid. Your intention is to halt the bleeding. To do this, make
or keep the cat calm. Excitement will only increase bleeding. Take an ice pack
and place it on the feline's nose-bridge or on top of the muzzle. In the case
of short-faced cat breeds, make sure that the cat can breathe around the ice
pack. Small blood vessels will be constricted by the cold, and the rate of
bleeding will slow down. You should never administer medicine to the cat unless
prescribed by your veterinarian. The preceding steps should stop the bleeding. If
they do not, then take the cat to the veterinarian immediately. Do understand
that any pet with blood flowing from its nose will swallow it in copious
amounts. This will result in melena or black stool or hematemesis or vomit
containing blood clots. It is evident that these two will happen after
epistaxis and are merely a symptom. There is no need to give any extra care to
the cat for these two.
Diagnosis and treatment
To diagnose epistaxis, your veterinarian will need your
cat's thorough medical history. The doctor may ask a series of questions like
whether the feline was exposed to any medication within the preceding 30 days.
Anti-Inflammatory or non-steroidal medications could inhibit blood clotting,
and thus the blood may easily flow. Do record all the medicines and supplements
you gave to your kitty. After the
evaluation of your cat's medical history, the veterinarian will do a physical
examination. The medical professional will search for particular abnormalities
as if there is any asymmetry or any deformity in the cat face. The veterinarian
will carefully examine the elevation of third eyelids or any swelling of the
nose bridge or the bulging of one eye when contrasted with others. Either eye
could be excessively torn, and they will be red. The skin around the nose will
have an abnormal appearance, and the gums will change color, becoming pale.
The veterinarian, depending
on findings, may recommend single or multiple tests including complete blood
cell count or CBC and serum biochemistry. The medical professional may also
recommend urinalysis and a series of clotting tests.