How to Prevent Ear Disease in your Cat?

By November 03 | See Comments

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Image credit : PixabayCats, in general, are not prone to ear infections. However, when they do get one, it is important to get it treated immediately, if not, it can become chronic and lead to deafness and other complications.A cat inflicted with an ear infection will show its discomfort by pawing or scratching its ear or by tilting its head in the direction of its affected ear. Other symptoms include a yellowish/blackish discharge, strong odor, loss of balance, swelling of the ear, redness of the ear, and hearing loss.If you cat has ear disease, then it is better to take it to a vet, do not try to treat it yourself. You vet may treat the ear disease with an ointment or with oral/injectable antibiotics or may recommend a surgery, depending on the severity of the infection.

Causes of ear infections

Ear mites are the number one cause of ear infections in cats. Cats that live outside or those that often go outside are more prone to get ear mites. An ear infection in a cat may also be due to some underlying medical conditions. External ear infections are called 'otitis externa' and middle ear infections are called 'otitis media'. Chronic otitis can be long-lasting. Basically, any cat can develop chronic otitis. Allergies to certain foods, as well as environmental allergies can cause chronic otitis. Some of the other ways how your cat can develop ear infections include:

  • Not cleaning your cat's ears properly
  • A ruptured eardrum
  • The buildup of wax in the ear canal
  • Bacteria/yeast overgrowth in the ears
  • Very thick hair in the cat's ear canal
  • Presence of foreign bodies in the ear
  • Polyps/tumors in the ear canal
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Self-inflicted trauma (heavy scratching)
  • Deficiencies/excesses of some hormones
  • Eosinophilic granulomas (related to the immune system disorder)
Prevention

Cleaning the ears of your cat regularly will help to prevent ear infections. This will also give you an opportunity to regularly examine your cat's ears. If you notice any signs of infections, you can immediately take care of it by taking your pet to the vet. It is better to get advice from your vet on how to properly clean your cat's ears.Keeping your cat indoors will prevent your cat from getting ear mites from other cats. Of course, even indoor cats can get heartworms and fleas. Flea and tick medication for cats can certainly come in handy. Opting for a high-quality diet for your cat will keep it healthy, a strong immune system will help to prevent diseases.Healthy ears are pale pink in color. They will be free of any odor, and ear wax. Always make sure you cat has healthy ears. A little care and you can avoid a world of pain for your feline friend.

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