How to Identify Genetic Diseases in Dogs

How to Identify Genetic Diseases in Dogs

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Our world is constantly developing and bettering itself through better technology, more knowledge, and new inventions. There have also been many medical discoveries in the recent years that have given way to the easy identification of genetic disorders in dogs. Through many experiments, studies, and lots of research, scientists and researchers have gleaned more information on what cause certain diseases in dogs and how you can tell whether your beloved pet might be in danger.The technique primarily involves the same genetic codes that all dogs belonging to the same breed share.

Your dog and his genetics

For over 15 000 years, humans have been training gray wolves as pets. Thatโ€™s how we have the dogs we love and cherish as house pets now. There are more than 400 dog breeds that exist today. Most of these breeds have been carefully bred to perfect particular traits and increased performance in different fields. Dogs have a very special and different breeding history, which means that their specific genetic codes have many components in them making them unique and special. The animals that were studied were all of the same breed and had very similar genetic codes. This made getting conclusive results easier.

So how did they identify genetic disorders in dogs?

A lot of genetic disorders are linked to a dogโ€™s breeding. They looked at the duplicate copies of genetic codes and the common genes that the dogs that had a certain disorder possessed.

What are the most common genetic disorders that dogs have?Hip Dysplasia

The hip is a joint connected through ball-and-socket. The ball is supposed to fit snugly inside the socket for the hip to function in a normal manner. If the ball doesnโ€™t fit properly inside the socket, it could cause pain, arthritis, and other joint problems.

Urinary Bladder Stones

A lot of dogs tend to have urinary tract problems through their adult life. It has become common for dogs to experience pain and discomfort due to the stones in their urinary tracts. Your dog might be suffering from a UTI if he has urinary accidents, problems with urination, or sometimes even blood in the urine.


Sadly, more and more dogs are experiencing this genetic disorder nowadays. If your dog is epileptic, he would experience seizures that make him fall to the ground, stiffen, and even lose control of his bowels and bladder.

Heart Disorders

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Dachshund are at a lot of risk of developing heart disorders like the myxomatous valve disease. This is a condition that can cause pressure buildup in the heartโ€™s chambers, leading to coughing, weakness, abdominal distention, poor appetite, breathing difficulties, an even heart failure.

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