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Any hormonal imbalance in your cat will show up as loss of hair. The latter can happen due to two probable causes- alopecia or dermatosis. The latter is a skin disease condition that results in that particular affected area fast losing its fur. Alopecia, in contrast, can be identified as a skin disorder where the fur of the cat begins to fall out. It is important to determine by which condition your cat suffers from- the appropriate care and the correct treatment can only be done if you have a correct diagnosis.
If your cat has alopecia, the skin of the animal will suffer in two stages. Hair is generally lost during the nascent stage. The loss is usually around the back part of the neck, the stomach, the thighs, and the perineum. The hair loss will progress to the animal's flank and rank with the condition's gradual progress. The loss of hair is due to the paucity of testosterone in male cats and estrogen in female cats. Too much androgen in females and too little in males also delivers the same results. The list of other causes includes the imbalance of reproductive hormones in both the sexes.
If you surmise that your kitty suffers from a baldness inducing hormone linked skin disorder, there could be a number of signs other than loss of hair. It is important to closely monitor your cat and write the changes down so that your veterinarian enjoys a higher quality of information. The list of symptoms includes dry, brittle fur, skin blackheads, itching, urinating in places outside the litter box, dandruff, skin darkening, and abnormal reproduction nipples or glands.
Diagnosis and treatment
Once you checked the symptoms present in your kitty, compile them on a single sheet and take them to the veterinarian. You can now discuss your animal's condition with the vet. Give your veterinarian a comprehensive picture of the health history of the cat and the time the symptoms began to manifest themselves. The veterinarian will do a comprehensive physical examination of the cat along with a number of other tests like complete blood count, an electrolyte panel, and a urinalysis. There could also be a possibility of a skin biopsy to rule out any potential skin disease. The doctor will also search for signs of any receptors of abnormal sex hormone in the animal's skin. A number of other tests like X-Ray, laparoscopy, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone or ACTH stimulation test and Gonadotropin-releasing or GnRH response test could be done. Your veterinarian may also advise the adrenal reproductive hormone test. Treating hormone linked skin disorders generally includes neutering or spaying the cat if it has yet not been done. This will resolve the problem in a majority of cases.