Home Remedies for cat scratches

By April 03 | See Comments

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A cat scratch could be more than extremely painful. The wound may become infected, swell, bleed, and even sting. You could also fall sick. You can treat minor scratches by yourself. A few wounds, however, need special attention. The claws of a cat are much sharper than that of a dog and much more probable to result in massive trauma. Greater trauma means more significant swelling probability, exposure to the blood supply, along with a chance of infection. If you get scratched, consider some factors like the location of the wound, depth of the wound, and the nature of the cat itself. Your health is also important in such a case.

Superficial Wounds

If the cat scratch is a superficial one, then you can wash off the wound using soap and water. In case the area bleeds, apply a little pressure with a clean and dry gauze pad. Visit the doctor if the bleeding does not cease even after you hold tension. Feet and hand wounds are more susceptible to infection. If the cat scratches the face, then there could be cosmetic damage like scarring. Any scratch to your eye needs a visit to the ophthalmologist. At higher risk are individuals with compromised or weakened immune systems. You can apply standard antibiotic cream on to the wound. Cover it with a dry and sterile dressing. Continue until the wound heals completely. It is important that you keep watch over the wound. Any change for the worse needs a visit to the doctor. The signs of an infected wound include variable changes around the wound site and increased redness. There will be swelling and tenderness. You will feel pain when you move, and the glands will be swollen. There could be pus drainage too. The signs of generalized body infection are swollen glands, fever, fatigue, and body aches. Development of lymph nodes or swollen glands within a week of the scratch indicates a bacterial infection.

Feral cat and CSD

If you get scratched by a feral cat, then follow the identical preceding treatment but inform the local health department or animal control. The severity of scratch and chance of it followed by a bite requires the identification of the animal. If needed, the cat could be quarantined and checked for many diseases like rabies. Your doctor may recommend a rabies vaccination if the animal control personnel cannot entrap the cat. You may also have to get a tetanus shot if you did not have one during the last ten years. The most severe disease associated with cat scratches is Cat Scratch Disease (CSD). It is caused by the Bartonella bacteria which gets transmitted to cats from an infected flea bite. You can also suffer from CSD if your Bartonella infected cat licks your open wound. Visit the hospital immediately.

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