Image source: Pixabay.com
Veterinarians are entrusted to do urinary catheterization in canines. A catheter of plastic tube is placed into the penile urethra or the vulva urethra of the dog. This procedure is used often to diagnose and also treat the underlying problems bugging the animal's urinary tract system.
One of the aims of this procedure is to collect urine from that dog. These urine samples are used for multiple tests like cytologies, dipstix, and urinalysis. The device also helps to remove any obstruction if present in the bladder and thus allow the urine to flow. A majority of surgically operated dogs need urinary catheterization and this is done either pre or post surgery. Local anesthesia is administered before the procedure. In a few cases, the device should be sutured in its place.
Most veterinarians apply mild anesthesia to dogs before urinary catheterization is done. The catheter must be of the correct size. The device size depends on the sex and size of the animal to be operated upon. A lubricant is added to the catheter. This reduces the probability of irritation and pain when the catheter will be inserted.
A male dog will have its penile area clipped with sharp surgical blades. An aseptic solution is used to clean the area. If the urinary catheterization is done on a female dog, the vagina opening gets clipped and then cleaned with an aseptic solution. Only after this procedure is done then the catheter will be fed through the dog's urethral opening. This is the opening which releases urine into the bladder. The procedure involves the catheter being sent through the urethra until the device reaches the bladder. When it does so, a stream of urine will flow through the catheter.
The dog can leave the veterinary clinic soon after the procedure. There could be a waiting time period for the test results. This depends on the complexity of the actual operation.
The urinary catheterization operation is common in dogs. This procedure is generally effective in its stated outcome. This is a surety if the catheter is as placed as it should be. The use of anesthesia could affect the dog. This remains valid for both general and local anesthesia. Not much side effects are found in urinary catheterization. The only pain point is the trauma of catheter insertion.
Aftercare will depend on whether the catheter was removed after the operation or the device was kept there on a permanent basis. It is important to keep a close eye on the dog after the procedure. Your dog must not suffer from any variety of urinary stress. Special aftercare is a must if the catheter is left as a permanent procedure. An Elizabethan collar could be required for the dog.