Does Your Cat Have Hyperthyroidism? Hereโ€™s What You Should Know


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An overactive thyroid gland can result in a host of health problems for your cat. When the thyroid gland produces excessive amount of thyroxine in the body, it results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism.So, how do you recognize if your cat has hyperthyroidism? How do you know if the symptoms heโ€™s showing are a result of this disorder or not?

Your cat may have hyperthyroidism if:
  • He experiences sudden weight loss
  • There is a sudden increase in his appetite
  • He is always thirsty and wants to drink water
  • He has no bladder control
  • He is always hyperactive and restless
  • He suffers from diarrhea and vomiting
  • He pants after minimal physical activity

If you notice any or all of these symptoms in your pet, it is time to schedule a visit to the veterinary doctor.

Diagnosing hyperthyroidism in your pet

From diabetes to cancer, many feline disorders share the symptoms mentioned above. Your veterinarian needs to conduct some tests to find out whether your cat is suffering from an overactive thyroid gland or not. The complete blood count (CBC) test, chemistry panel and urinalysis are some specialized tests that are conducted. These tests help doctors identify if there is any elevation in the levels of body chemicals and enzymes in your cat. If yes, they identify which enzyme or chemical is causing the problem and treat it accordingly. One way to identify whether your pet has hyperthyroidism is to check the level of the enzyme T4 in his body. If the T4 is elevated, then it is a positive result.

Caring for your cat

Luckily, there are treatment options available, if your pet is suffering from hyperthyroidism. An anti-thyroid medication can be administered to your cat if the disorder is still in the initial stages or is easily treatable. The only disadvantage of this oral medicine is that it needs to be administered to your cat for the rest of his life.Radioactive iodine therapy is also a treatment option that you can consider. This is a non-invasive procedure. It is the safest technique available, as it does not involve surgery. Recovery time depends on your catโ€™s immune system and his ability to beat the disorder. Be sure to ask your veterinarian about financing, as this treatment can be expensive.Sometimes, a benign tumor known as thyroid adenoma causes hyperthyroidism. Surgery is the best solution in this case. Thankfully, this cancer is rare in cats. The best thing you can do for your ailing feline is to consult the veterinarian. Following his advice will help you care for your pet.

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