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According to statistics, the most common diseases faced by pet cats across the country include renal failure, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, allergies, lymphoma, IBD and feline lower UTIs. Almost all of these conditions have nutritional remedies and with a little out-of-the-box thinking, they can be treated with a proper diet.
- Hyperthyroidism – Cats that suffer from hyperthyroidism make too much thyroxin. Excess iodine can make the thyroid produce more thyroxin, which is one of the main reasons pet food manufacturers have started making low iodine food to prevent hyperthyroidism.
- Diabetes mellitus – Cats suffer from diabetes mellitus and it can be easily controlled with a proper diet. Cats can go off insulin entirely if they follow diet plan than is low in carbohydrates and high in protein.
- Allergies – If your cat is allergic to a particular food item (dairy products and beef are the most common culprits), then try to avoid that ingredient. Even if your cat is allergic to something in the environment (mold spores, pollen or mites), dietary therapy can help. Nutritional supplements that are rich in essential fatty acids can ease allergic symptoms.
- Chronic bowel inflammation – Hypoallergenic diets that are made from novel protein sources like green pea and venison, or diets that have been broken down before are the best option when it comes to treating inflammatory bowel disease. Probiotic supplements with intestinal microorganisms are also a common treatment for IBD.
- Lymphoma – Cancerous cells end up altering the body’s metabolism. They end up metabolizing the glucose in the diet to make lactate that the body ends up converting back to glucose. This takes much needed energy away from your cat and hands it over to the cancer. Cancers are also responsible for converting the amino acids into energy. Amino acids play a crucial role in muscle building and the interference from cancer cells can lead to muscle wasting, slow healing and poor immune system function. On the other hand, cancerous cells are not very good at using fat as a source of energy. Many veterinarians recommend feeding the cat a diet that is low in carbohydrates and high in fat and protein. Essential fatty acids are also recommended because they are a good source of calories and fat, and are known to have anti-cancer effects.
- UTI – A lower urinary tract infection is quite common in female cats. However, it is worth bearing in mind that dilute urine does not irritate the wall of the bladder like concentrated urine can. Feeding canned food to your pet is a good way of increasing her water consumption. Many canned food products are aimed at promoting bladder health and maintain the optimal urinary pH, which can be helpful if your cat suffers from the problem of urinary crystals. You can also opt for nutritional supplements with cranberry extracts to prevent recurrent infections.