All you need to know about malignant oral tumors in cats and dogs


Image credits -


Oral tumors in cats and dogs can be really harmful and can even lead to oral cancer in certain instances if not dealt with. Malginant oral tumors are fairly common in cats and dogs, and the most of the serious tumors occur in the oral cavity. Tumors in the oral cavity are usually classified as non-neoplastic lesions, odontogenic tumors, or non-odontogenic tumors.It is estimated that tumors in oral cavity account for around 3-12% of all tumors found in cats and 6% of tumors found in dogs. Oral tumors are mostly unavoidable unless your pets are consuming a 100% organic diet. It is important to determine if a tumor is benign or malignant so that you can proceed accordingly with the treatment.

Early detection is vital

Early detection is crucial to understanding the severity of the disease and deciding on the treatment procedure. With dogs, it is relatively easy to identify as a dog is likely to stop chewing chew toys in the event of a tumor. With a cat, it may be harder, but if you notice that your cat is eating less, it is usually a problem and maybe an oral tumor. Brushing your pet's teeth on a regular basis is a good way to prevent the development of oral tumors.


Establishing the correct diagnosis is crucial to treatment, and this is why choosing a reliable vet is ever so crucial. You should ideally get an oral biopsy done for your pet and the vet may even need to obtain multiple biopsy samples to make a definitive diagnosis. Your vet may recommend other tests such as blood tests, chest radiographs, CT scams, or skull imaging to arrive at comprehensive answers.

Treatment options

Most tumors can be removed surgically without hurting your pet in any manner. For malignant tumors, surgery may be the only option, and for early detection, surgery is most likely to lead to the lowest level of recurrence. For example, squamous cell carcinoma and fibrosarcoma, the two most common types of feline oral cavity tumors, are best treated by surgery irrespective of the cat's age. However, surgery does not provide a guarantee of zero recurrence.Other treatment options include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiation therapy. For certain types of tumors, one of these treatment options may be the optimal form of treatment. For example, oral melanoma is best treated by immunotherapy. Generally, a combination of these treatment options are used if surgery is not an option for the pet. In essence, you should go with the advice of your vet as your doctor is capable of providing you with the most medically sound opinion based on the situation at hand.

Was this article helpful?
comments powered by Disqus

You May Also Like